Background: To assess dietary habits in a cohort of patients at minimum follow-up of 4 years after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) by comparing their dietary records to the Italian Mediterranean diet (IMD) recommendations. Methods: We prospectively evaluated in 74 patients who had the SG in 2014 dietary habits by a 7-day food dietary records, weight and micronutrient status, evolution of comorbidities, use of micronutrient supplements, and frequency of physical activity. Results: The IMD recommendations in terms of daily/weekly portions of fruits, vegetables, and complex carbohydrates were followed by 40.5%, 35.1%, and 40.5% of the participants, respectively. Concerning milk/dairy, olive oil, poultry, fish/shellfish, eggs, legumes, processed/red meat, and cold cuts, 54.1%, 85.1%, 44.5%, 75.7%, 67.6%, 35.1%, 87.8%, and 55.4% of the participants, respectively, followed the IMD recommendations. Weight regain appeared in 37.8% of participants, while physical activity was reported by the 54.0% of them. Deficiencies of vitamin B12, vitamin D, folate, iron, and anemia were found present in 6.8%, 8.1%, 24.3%, 33.8%, and 59.5% of the participants, respectively, and 18.9% of them were found to take micronutrient supplements. Improvement/remission of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, or obstructive sleep apnea was 73.3%, 64.7%, and 100% respectively. Conclusions: In this prospective cohort with a minimum follow-up of 4 years after SG, we found an inadequate intake of fruit, vegetables, poultry, and complex carbohydrates according to the IMD recommendations; the frequency of physical activity and the use of micronutrients supplements were also inadequate. This may contribute to weight regain and micronutrient deficiencies in the long term.

Long-Term Results of the Mediterranean Diet After Sleeve Gastrectomy

Schiavo L.;Tramontano S.;Pilone V.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: To assess dietary habits in a cohort of patients at minimum follow-up of 4 years after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) by comparing their dietary records to the Italian Mediterranean diet (IMD) recommendations. Methods: We prospectively evaluated in 74 patients who had the SG in 2014 dietary habits by a 7-day food dietary records, weight and micronutrient status, evolution of comorbidities, use of micronutrient supplements, and frequency of physical activity. Results: The IMD recommendations in terms of daily/weekly portions of fruits, vegetables, and complex carbohydrates were followed by 40.5%, 35.1%, and 40.5% of the participants, respectively. Concerning milk/dairy, olive oil, poultry, fish/shellfish, eggs, legumes, processed/red meat, and cold cuts, 54.1%, 85.1%, 44.5%, 75.7%, 67.6%, 35.1%, 87.8%, and 55.4% of the participants, respectively, followed the IMD recommendations. Weight regain appeared in 37.8% of participants, while physical activity was reported by the 54.0% of them. Deficiencies of vitamin B12, vitamin D, folate, iron, and anemia were found present in 6.8%, 8.1%, 24.3%, 33.8%, and 59.5% of the participants, respectively, and 18.9% of them were found to take micronutrient supplements. Improvement/remission of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, or obstructive sleep apnea was 73.3%, 64.7%, and 100% respectively. Conclusions: In this prospective cohort with a minimum follow-up of 4 years after SG, we found an inadequate intake of fruit, vegetables, poultry, and complex carbohydrates according to the IMD recommendations; the frequency of physical activity and the use of micronutrients supplements were also inadequate. This may contribute to weight regain and micronutrient deficiencies in the long term.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4750126
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