Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the important pathogens worldwide showing resistance to several widely used antibiotics. This has made the treatment of MRSA infections harder, especially due to their prevalence in the hospital setting. We evaluated the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of healthcare-associated MRSA infections with a focus on Vancomycin Intermediate S. Aureus (VISA) and macrolide-licosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB) phenotypes. A total of 417 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) cases were isolated between January 2017 and December 2018, through several clinical specimens collected from the University Hospital 'Luigi Vanvitelli' of Naples. We identified bacterial strains using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) and antimicrobial susceptibility using Phoenix BD (Becton Dickinson, NJ, USA). Out of the total 417 S. aureus cases, 140 were MRSA (33.6%) and of these, 50% were soft tissue infections. All MRSA and Methicillin sensible S.aureus MSSA isolates were susceptible to linezolid and daptomycin. Two MRSA cases exhibited intermediate resistance to vancomycin and were of constitutive MLSB phenotype. Among the MRSA strains, 11.4% were constitutive and 43.6% were inducible MLSB phenotypes and 8.6% were macrolide-streptogramin B phenotype. This study characterized the epidemiological status, antibiotic resistance patterns, and current prevalent phenotypes of healthcare-associated MRSA. This knowledge can aid clinicians in improving the antimicrobial stewardship program by adapting appropriate guidelines for the proper use of MRSA antibacterial agents.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility experiences from the University Hospital 'Luigi Vanvitelli' of Naples

Santella, B;Boccia, G;Franci, G;Galdiero, M
2020-01-01

Abstract

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the important pathogens worldwide showing resistance to several widely used antibiotics. This has made the treatment of MRSA infections harder, especially due to their prevalence in the hospital setting. We evaluated the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of healthcare-associated MRSA infections with a focus on Vancomycin Intermediate S. Aureus (VISA) and macrolide-licosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB) phenotypes. A total of 417 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) cases were isolated between January 2017 and December 2018, through several clinical specimens collected from the University Hospital 'Luigi Vanvitelli' of Naples. We identified bacterial strains using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) and antimicrobial susceptibility using Phoenix BD (Becton Dickinson, NJ, USA). Out of the total 417 S. aureus cases, 140 were MRSA (33.6%) and of these, 50% were soft tissue infections. All MRSA and Methicillin sensible S.aureus MSSA isolates were susceptible to linezolid and daptomycin. Two MRSA cases exhibited intermediate resistance to vancomycin and were of constitutive MLSB phenotype. Among the MRSA strains, 11.4% were constitutive and 43.6% were inducible MLSB phenotypes and 8.6% were macrolide-streptogramin B phenotype. This study characterized the epidemiological status, antibiotic resistance patterns, and current prevalent phenotypes of healthcare-associated MRSA. This knowledge can aid clinicians in improving the antimicrobial stewardship program by adapting appropriate guidelines for the proper use of MRSA antibacterial agents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4751220
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