Background: The anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament are 2 of the most frequently injured structures in sports, being damaged in 30% to 45% of all sports injuries. Most reconstructive procedures are successful but can deteriorate with time and can lead to low-grade radiographic degeneration. Methods: We operated on 26 consecutive patients from 2001 to 2008 who had failed previous surgical procedures for the lateral ligamentous complex of the ankle, with an average of 104 (range, 75-140) months. Results: The overall functional rating was excellent in 14 ankles, good in 10, fair in 1, and poor in 1. Twenty-four patients (92.3%) were satisfied with the procedure and 15 (57.7%) were able to return to their preinjury level of activity. Local complications were detected in 2 patients who presented with skin necrosis; 1 patient developed severe reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Conclusion: Revision surgery for the management of failure after surgical treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability is under debate, and the literature is devoid of clinical studies with long-term follow-up. The technique described offers a high rate of long-term excellent and good results, with a low rate of complications and a good rate of return to preinjury level. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective case series.

Extensor Retinaculum Flap and Fibular Periosteum Ligamentoplasty After Failed Surgery for Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability

Cipollaro L.;Oliva F.;Maffulli N.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: The anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament are 2 of the most frequently injured structures in sports, being damaged in 30% to 45% of all sports injuries. Most reconstructive procedures are successful but can deteriorate with time and can lead to low-grade radiographic degeneration. Methods: We operated on 26 consecutive patients from 2001 to 2008 who had failed previous surgical procedures for the lateral ligamentous complex of the ankle, with an average of 104 (range, 75-140) months. Results: The overall functional rating was excellent in 14 ankles, good in 10, fair in 1, and poor in 1. Twenty-four patients (92.3%) were satisfied with the procedure and 15 (57.7%) were able to return to their preinjury level of activity. Local complications were detected in 2 patients who presented with skin necrosis; 1 patient developed severe reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Conclusion: Revision surgery for the management of failure after surgical treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability is under debate, and the literature is devoid of clinical studies with long-term follow-up. The technique described offers a high rate of long-term excellent and good results, with a low rate of complications and a good rate of return to preinjury level. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective case series.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4751819
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