Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) ion channel represents a valuable pharmacological option for several therapeutic areas. Here, a series of conformationally restricted derivatives of the previously described TRPM8 antagonist N,N′-dibenzyl tryptophan 4 were prepared and characterized in vitro by Ca2+-imaging and patch-clamp electrophysiology assays. Molecular modeling studies led to identification of a broad and well-defined interaction network of these derivatives inside the TRPM8 binding site, underlying their antagonist activity. The (5R,11aS)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5,6,11,11a-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[1′,5′:1,6]pyrido[3,4-b]indole-1,3(2H)-dione (31a) emerged as a potent (IC50 = 4.10 ± 1.2 nM), selective, and metabolically stable TRPM8 antagonist. In vivo, 31a showed significant target coverage in an icilin-induced WDS (at 11.5 mg/kg ip), an oxaliplatin-induced cold allodynia (at 10-30 μg sc), and CCI-induced thermal hyperalgesia (at 11.5 mg/kg ip) mice models. These results confirm the tryptophan moiety as a solid pharmacophore template for the design of highly potent modulators of TRPM8-mediated activities.
|Titolo:||Exploration of TRPM8 Binding Sites by β-Carboline-Based Antagonists and Their in Vitro Characterization and in Vivo Analgesic Activities|
BIFULCO, Giuseppe [Membro del Collaboration Group]
CAMPIGLIA, Pietro (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|