A new definition of regional milieu is emerging from the recent innovation policy framework inspired by the notion of a ‘knowledge economy’. It is grounded in a theoretical context where the emphasis is on the interactive character of innovation, involving the sharing and exchange of different forms of knowledge among the actors. Identifying regional positioning within the global knowledge value chain is a current preoccupation of both policy and empirical research. This study tries to measure the degree of involvement of a (follower) regional community of biotechnology actors in the global knowledge value chain. It applies inductive research and exploratory case studies to analyse local relational behaviour within the knowledge network (KN) structure. Our description of a regional bio-community highlights the distinctiveness of regional knowledge in relation to the distribution of KN capabilities. The critical nodes in the KN structure are the intra-regional actors, represented by public basic research organizations. These actors bridge between local basic research groups and the international scientific community, although the ability of local actors to collaborate can affect the strength of the links among them. This aspect, which is not addressed by regional strategies, should be the focus of new regional policies.

Knowledge networks and dynamic capabilities as the new regional policy milieu. A social network analysis of the Campania biotechnology community in southern Italy

Lubrano Lavadera G.
2014

Abstract

A new definition of regional milieu is emerging from the recent innovation policy framework inspired by the notion of a ‘knowledge economy’. It is grounded in a theoretical context where the emphasis is on the interactive character of innovation, involving the sharing and exchange of different forms of knowledge among the actors. Identifying regional positioning within the global knowledge value chain is a current preoccupation of both policy and empirical research. This study tries to measure the degree of involvement of a (follower) regional community of biotechnology actors in the global knowledge value chain. It applies inductive research and exploratory case studies to analyse local relational behaviour within the knowledge network (KN) structure. Our description of a regional bio-community highlights the distinctiveness of regional knowledge in relation to the distribution of KN capabilities. The critical nodes in the KN structure are the intra-regional actors, represented by public basic research organizations. These actors bridge between local basic research groups and the international scientific community, although the ability of local actors to collaborate can affect the strength of the links among them. This aspect, which is not addressed by regional strategies, should be the focus of new regional policies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4763196
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