We introduce a new approach to deciding the number of clusters. The approach is applied to Optimally Tuned Robust Improper Maximum Likelihood Estimation (OTRIMLE; Coretto & Hennig, Journal of the American Statistical Association111, 1648–1659) of a Gaussian mixture model allowing for observations to be classified as ‘noise’, but it can be applied to other clustering methods as well. The quality of a clustering is assessed by a statistic Q that measures how close the within-cluster distributions are to elliptical unimodal distributions that have the only mode in the mean. This non-parametric measure allows for non-Gaussian clusters as long as they have a good quality according to Q. The simplicity of a model is assessed by a measure S that prefers a smaller number of clusters unless additional clusters can reduce the estimated noise proportion substantially. The simplest model is then chosen that is adequate for the data in the sense that its observed value of Q is not significantly larger than what is expected for data truly generated from the fitted model, as can be assessed by parametric bootstrap. The approach is compared with model-based clustering using the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) and the integrated complete likelihood (ICL) in a simulation study and on real two data sets.

An adequacy approach for deciding the number of clusters for OTRIMLE robust Gaussian mixture-based clustering

Coretto P.
2021

Abstract

We introduce a new approach to deciding the number of clusters. The approach is applied to Optimally Tuned Robust Improper Maximum Likelihood Estimation (OTRIMLE; Coretto & Hennig, Journal of the American Statistical Association111, 1648–1659) of a Gaussian mixture model allowing for observations to be classified as ‘noise’, but it can be applied to other clustering methods as well. The quality of a clustering is assessed by a statistic Q that measures how close the within-cluster distributions are to elliptical unimodal distributions that have the only mode in the mean. This non-parametric measure allows for non-Gaussian clusters as long as they have a good quality according to Q. The simplicity of a model is assessed by a measure S that prefers a smaller number of clusters unless additional clusters can reduce the estimated noise proportion substantially. The simplest model is then chosen that is adequate for the data in the sense that its observed value of Q is not significantly larger than what is expected for data truly generated from the fitted model, as can be assessed by parametric bootstrap. The approach is compared with model-based clustering using the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) and the integrated complete likelihood (ICL) in a simulation study and on real two data sets.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4769685
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