In this paper we study a finite Gaussian mixture model with an additional uniform component that has the role to catch points in the tails of the data distribution. An adaptive constraint enforces a certain level of separation between the Gaussian mixture components and the uniform component representing noise and outliers in the tail of the distribution. The latter makes the proposed tool particularly useful for robust estimation and outlier identification. A constrained ML estimator is introduced for which existence and consistency is shown. One of the attractive features of the methodology is that the noise level is estimated from data. We also develop an EM-type algorithm with proven convergence. Based on numerical evidence we show how the methods developed in this paper are useful for several fundamental data analysis tasks: outlier identification, robust location-scale estimation, clustering, and density estimation.

Estimation and computations for Gaussian mixtures with uniform noise under separation constraints

Coretto P.
2021

Abstract

In this paper we study a finite Gaussian mixture model with an additional uniform component that has the role to catch points in the tails of the data distribution. An adaptive constraint enforces a certain level of separation between the Gaussian mixture components and the uniform component representing noise and outliers in the tail of the distribution. The latter makes the proposed tool particularly useful for robust estimation and outlier identification. A constrained ML estimator is introduced for which existence and consistency is shown. One of the attractive features of the methodology is that the noise level is estimated from data. We also develop an EM-type algorithm with proven convergence. Based on numerical evidence we show how the methods developed in this paper are useful for several fundamental data analysis tasks: outlier identification, robust location-scale estimation, clustering, and density estimation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4769686
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