Natural products have been the main source of bioactive molecules for centuries. We tested the biological profile of two metabolites extracted from Gentiana lutea L. by means of computational techniques and in vitro assays. The two molecules (loganic acid and gentiopicroside) were tested in silico using an innovative technique, named Inverse Virtual Screening (IVS), to highlight putative partners among a panel of proteins involved in inflammation and cancer events. A positive binding with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), alpha-1-antichymotrypsin, and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein emerged from the computational experiments and the outcomes from the promising interaction with COX-2 were confirmed by Western blot, highlighting the reliability of IVS in the field of the natural products.
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