Evaluating the relative weight of the choice of cultivar and soil fertilization on potentially toxic elements (PTEs) accumulation is crucial in promoting informed decisions in the framework of regenerative agriculture. To this end, 11 PTEs (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Zn) were determined in both leaves and roots of six cultivars (Stylist, Xanadu, Aljeva, Bacio, Analena, Vincenzo) of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown side by side on mineral fertilized or biowaste compost amended soils, under greenhouse conditions. The use of multivariate and linear modelling approaches indicated that the organ and cultivar primarily account for the variability in PTE concentrations. In terms of PTE partitioning between organs, Cd and Mg were preferentially accumulated in leaves, whereas Cu, Pb, K and Zn in roots. As for the cultivar, Xanadu showed the highest concentrations of several PTEs, with Cd reaching concerning levels. Fertilization had a detectable contribution only on Cd accumulation, slightly increased in leaves by compost. Findings highlight the key role of cultivar choice in guaranteeing food safety and grant the possibility to adopt biowaste compost in regenerative agriculture without concerns about PTE accumulation enhancements in lettuce, but demand a cautionary approach in the case of Cd.

Influence of the choice of cultivar and soil fertilization on PTE concentrations in Lactuca sativa L. in the framework of the regenerative agriculture revolution

Baldantoni, Daniela
;
Bellino, Alessandro;Cicatelli, Angela;Castiglione, Stefano
2021

Abstract

Evaluating the relative weight of the choice of cultivar and soil fertilization on potentially toxic elements (PTEs) accumulation is crucial in promoting informed decisions in the framework of regenerative agriculture. To this end, 11 PTEs (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Zn) were determined in both leaves and roots of six cultivars (Stylist, Xanadu, Aljeva, Bacio, Analena, Vincenzo) of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown side by side on mineral fertilized or biowaste compost amended soils, under greenhouse conditions. The use of multivariate and linear modelling approaches indicated that the organ and cultivar primarily account for the variability in PTE concentrations. In terms of PTE partitioning between organs, Cd and Mg were preferentially accumulated in leaves, whereas Cu, Pb, K and Zn in roots. As for the cultivar, Xanadu showed the highest concentrations of several PTEs, with Cd reaching concerning levels. Fertilization had a detectable contribution only on Cd accumulation, slightly increased in leaves by compost. Findings highlight the key role of cultivar choice in guaranteeing food safety and grant the possibility to adopt biowaste compost in regenerative agriculture without concerns about PTE accumulation enhancements in lettuce, but demand a cautionary approach in the case of Cd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4770917
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