The ATP-dependent molecular chaperone Hsp70 is over-expressed in cancer cells where it plays pivotal roles in stabilization of onco-proteins, promoting cell proliferation and protecting cells from apoptosis and necrosis. Moreover, a relationship between the ability of cancer cells to migrate and the abundance of membrane-associated Hsp70 was shown. However, although Hsp70 is a promising target for cancer therapy, there is a still unsatisfied requirement of inhibitors possibly blocking its cancer-associated activities. Moving from the evidence that the plant diterpene oridonin efficiently targets Hsp70 1A in cancer cells, we set up a small kaurane diterpenoids collection and subjected it to a Surface Plasmon Resonance-screening, to identify new putative inhibitors of this chaperone. The results obtained suggested epoxysiderol as an effective Hsp70 1A interactor; therefore, using a combination of bioanalytical, biochemical and bioinformatics approaches, this compound was shown to bind the nucleotide-binding-domain of the chaperone, thus affecting its ATPase activity. The interaction between epoxysiderol and Hsp70 1A was also demonstrated to actually occur inside cancer cells, significantly reduced the translocation of the chaperone to the cell membrane, thus suggesting a possible role of epoxysiderol as an anti-metastasis agent.
|Titolo:||The plant diterpene epoxysiderol targets Hsp70 in cancer cells, affecting its ATPase activity and reducing its translocation to plasma membrane|
DAL PIAZ, Fabrizio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|