The pyrazolyl-urea Gege3 molecule has shown interesting antiangiogenic effects in the tumor contest. Here, we have studied the role of this compound as interfering with endothelial cells activation in response to the paracrine effects of annexin A1 (ANXA1), known to be involved in promoting tumor progression. ANXA1 has been analyzed in the extracellular environment once secreted through microvesicles (EVs) by pancreatic cancer (PC) cells. Particularly, Gege3 has been able to notably prevent the effects of Ac2-26, the ANXA1 mimetic peptide, and of PC-derived EVs on endothelial cells motility, angiogenesis, and calcium release. Furthermore, this compound also inhibited the translocation of ANXA1 to the plasma membrane, otherwise induced by the same ANXA1-dependent extracellular stimuli. Moreover, these effects have been mediated by the indirect inhibition of protein kinase Cα (PKCα), which generally promotes the phosphorylation of ANXA1 on serine 27. Indeed, by the subtraction of intracellular calcium levels, the pathway triggered by PKCα underwent a strong inhibition leading to the following impediment to the ANXA1 localization at the plasma membrane, as revealed by confocal and cytofluorimetry analysis. Thus, Gege3 appeared an attractive molecule able to prevent the paracrine effects of PC cells deriving ANXA1 in the tumor microenvironment.

The pyrazolyl-urea gege3 inhibits the activity of ANXA1 in the angiogenesis induced by the pancreatic cancer derived EVs

Belvedere R.;Morretta E.;Novizio N.;Morello S.;Petrella A.
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

The pyrazolyl-urea Gege3 molecule has shown interesting antiangiogenic effects in the tumor contest. Here, we have studied the role of this compound as interfering with endothelial cells activation in response to the paracrine effects of annexin A1 (ANXA1), known to be involved in promoting tumor progression. ANXA1 has been analyzed in the extracellular environment once secreted through microvesicles (EVs) by pancreatic cancer (PC) cells. Particularly, Gege3 has been able to notably prevent the effects of Ac2-26, the ANXA1 mimetic peptide, and of PC-derived EVs on endothelial cells motility, angiogenesis, and calcium release. Furthermore, this compound also inhibited the translocation of ANXA1 to the plasma membrane, otherwise induced by the same ANXA1-dependent extracellular stimuli. Moreover, these effects have been mediated by the indirect inhibition of protein kinase Cα (PKCα), which generally promotes the phosphorylation of ANXA1 on serine 27. Indeed, by the subtraction of intracellular calcium levels, the pathway triggered by PKCα underwent a strong inhibition leading to the following impediment to the ANXA1 localization at the plasma membrane, as revealed by confocal and cytofluorimetry analysis. Thus, Gege3 appeared an attractive molecule able to prevent the paracrine effects of PC cells deriving ANXA1 in the tumor microenvironment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4773463
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