Focal mechanisms of selected earthquakes, recorded in the Mount Pollino region (southern Italy) from 2010 through 2014, are used to infer the pore fluid pressure at hypocenter depths. The 3-D excess pore pressure field provides evidence that the sequence occurs in a fluid-filled volume with values reaching 35MPa. The mechanisms underlying this swarm-like sequence and the triggering of earthquakes are investigated by computing the cumulative static Coulomb stress change at hypocenter depths and analyzing the pore-pressure diffusion mechanism. The results indicate that static Coulomb stress change was lower than 0.01MPa, which is the value generally assumed as threshold for the triggering, and seismicity distribution was actually driven by pore-pressure diffusion with relatively low diffusivity value. This latter mechanism could also explain the delayed triggering of the two larger events Ml 4.3 and Ml 5.0, respectively, that occurred about 150 days apart.

Pore Fluid Pressure Imaging of the Mt. Pollino Region (Southern Italy) From Earthquake Focal Mechanisms

Convertito, V.
Formal Analysis
;
Napolitano, F.
Formal Analysis
;
Amoroso, O.
Formal Analysis
;
Capuano, P.
Funding Acquisition
2021

Abstract

Focal mechanisms of selected earthquakes, recorded in the Mount Pollino region (southern Italy) from 2010 through 2014, are used to infer the pore fluid pressure at hypocenter depths. The 3-D excess pore pressure field provides evidence that the sequence occurs in a fluid-filled volume with values reaching 35MPa. The mechanisms underlying this swarm-like sequence and the triggering of earthquakes are investigated by computing the cumulative static Coulomb stress change at hypocenter depths and analyzing the pore-pressure diffusion mechanism. The results indicate that static Coulomb stress change was lower than 0.01MPa, which is the value generally assumed as threshold for the triggering, and seismicity distribution was actually driven by pore-pressure diffusion with relatively low diffusivity value. This latter mechanism could also explain the delayed triggering of the two larger events Ml 4.3 and Ml 5.0, respectively, that occurred about 150 days apart.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4773645
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