Thirty contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) were identified and quantified in hospital wastewater (HWW) by LC-MS and their removal by solar photo Fenton (SPF) with ethylenediamine-N,N’-disuccinic acid (EDDS) at spontaneous pH (7.5) was compared to other solar driven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) (namely, sun-light/persoxydisulphate (SPD) and sunlight/H2O2 (SHP)). Almost all the detected CECs (28) are pharmaceuticals and belong to 13 different classes, with concentrations varied between 0.08 μg/L (psychiatric drug) to 38.92 μg/L (antidiabetic). First, the formation of iron-EDDS complexes was characterized by electrochemical methods to compare Fe2+and Fe3+behavior. The effect on a carbamazepine (CBZ) aqueous solution of solar driven Fe2+/ EDDS and Fe3+/EDDS Fenton processes was comparatively evaluated to select the most effective one for advanced oxidation tests on real HWW and sunlight/Fe2+-EDDS/H2O2 was the most effective one with 48% removal after 12.5 kJ/L-1 (78% total removal, 30% being under dark Fenton condition). SPF process was also more effective than SPD and SHP (60 min sunlight exposure, 5 kJ/L-1). Subsequently, the effect of the solar AOPs (SPF, Fe2+0.1 mM, EDDS 0.2 Mm, H2O2 2.7 Mm; SPD, PD 1.48 mM; SHP, H2O2 2.7 Mm; 60 min sunlight exposure) was investigated in the treatment of the HWW and SPF resulted the most effective one, all CECs being removed from 70% to 100%.

Thirty contaminants of emerging concern identified in secondary treated hospital wastewater and their removal by solar Fenton (like) and sulphate radicals-based advanced oxidation processes

Lofrano, G.;Carotenuto, M.;Rizzo, L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Thirty contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) were identified and quantified in hospital wastewater (HWW) by LC-MS and their removal by solar photo Fenton (SPF) with ethylenediamine-N,N’-disuccinic acid (EDDS) at spontaneous pH (7.5) was compared to other solar driven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) (namely, sun-light/persoxydisulphate (SPD) and sunlight/H2O2 (SHP)). Almost all the detected CECs (28) are pharmaceuticals and belong to 13 different classes, with concentrations varied between 0.08 μg/L (psychiatric drug) to 38.92 μg/L (antidiabetic). First, the formation of iron-EDDS complexes was characterized by electrochemical methods to compare Fe2+and Fe3+behavior. The effect on a carbamazepine (CBZ) aqueous solution of solar driven Fe2+/ EDDS and Fe3+/EDDS Fenton processes was comparatively evaluated to select the most effective one for advanced oxidation tests on real HWW and sunlight/Fe2+-EDDS/H2O2 was the most effective one with 48% removal after 12.5 kJ/L-1 (78% total removal, 30% being under dark Fenton condition). SPF process was also more effective than SPD and SHP (60 min sunlight exposure, 5 kJ/L-1). Subsequently, the effect of the solar AOPs (SPF, Fe2+0.1 mM, EDDS 0.2 Mm, H2O2 2.7 Mm; SPD, PD 1.48 mM; SHP, H2O2 2.7 Mm; 60 min sunlight exposure) was investigated in the treatment of the HWW and SPF resulted the most effective one, all CECs being removed from 70% to 100%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4774166
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