Severe eosinophilic asthma (SEA) is associated with high peripheral blood and airway eosinophilia, recurrent disease exacerbations and severe airflow limitation. Eosinophilic inflammation is also responsible for small airway disease (SAD) development. SEA patients experience poor disease control and response to standard therapy and are prime candidates for anti-IL5 biologicals, such as mepolizumab, but the effect of treatment on SAD is unclear. We investigated the effect of mepolizumab on lung function in SEA patients, focusing on SAD parameters, and searched for an association between patients’ phenotypic characteristics and changes in small airways function. In this real-life study, data from 105 patients with SEA were collected at baseline and after 6, 12 and 18 months of mepolizumab treatment. Along with expected improvements in clinical and lung function parameters brought by Mepolizumab treatment, FEF2525-75% values showed a highly significant, gradual and persistent increase (from 32.7 ± 18.2% at baseline to 48.6 ± 18.4% after 18 months) and correlated with ACT scores at 18 months (r = 0.566; p ≤ 0.0001). A patient subgroup analysis showed that changes in FEF25-75% values were higher in patients with a baseline peripheral blood eosinophil count ≥400 cells/µL and oral corticosteroid use. Mepolizumab significantly improves small airway function. This effect correlates with clinical benefits and may represent an accessible parameter through which to evaluate therapeutic response. This study provides novel insights into the phenotypic characteristics associated with the improved functional outcome provided by mepolizumab treatment.

Real-life effectiveness of mepolizumab on forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma

Maglio A.;Vitale C.;Triggiani M.;Stellato C.;Vatrella A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Severe eosinophilic asthma (SEA) is associated with high peripheral blood and airway eosinophilia, recurrent disease exacerbations and severe airflow limitation. Eosinophilic inflammation is also responsible for small airway disease (SAD) development. SEA patients experience poor disease control and response to standard therapy and are prime candidates for anti-IL5 biologicals, such as mepolizumab, but the effect of treatment on SAD is unclear. We investigated the effect of mepolizumab on lung function in SEA patients, focusing on SAD parameters, and searched for an association between patients’ phenotypic characteristics and changes in small airways function. In this real-life study, data from 105 patients with SEA were collected at baseline and after 6, 12 and 18 months of mepolizumab treatment. Along with expected improvements in clinical and lung function parameters brought by Mepolizumab treatment, FEF2525-75% values showed a highly significant, gradual and persistent increase (from 32.7 ± 18.2% at baseline to 48.6 ± 18.4% after 18 months) and correlated with ACT scores at 18 months (r = 0.566; p ≤ 0.0001). A patient subgroup analysis showed that changes in FEF25-75% values were higher in patients with a baseline peripheral blood eosinophil count ≥400 cells/µL and oral corticosteroid use. Mepolizumab significantly improves small airway function. This effect correlates with clinical benefits and may represent an accessible parameter through which to evaluate therapeutic response. This study provides novel insights into the phenotypic characteristics associated with the improved functional outcome provided by mepolizumab treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4774384
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