In scaffold aided regeneration of muscular tissue, composite materials are currently utilized as a temporary substrate to stimulate tissue formation by controlled electrochemical signals as well as continuous mechanical stimulation until the regeneration processes are completed. Among them, composites from the blending of conductive (CPs) and biocompatible polymers are powerfully emerging as a successful strategy for the regeneration of myocardium due to their unique conductive and biological recognition properties able to assure a more efficient electroactive stimulation of cells. Here, different composite substrates made of synthesized polyaniline (sPANi) and polycaprolactone (PCL) were investigated as platforms for cardiac tissue regeneration. Preliminary, a comparative analysis of substrates conductivity performed on casted films endowed with synthesized polyaniline (sPANi) short fibres or blended with emeraldine base polyaniline (EB-PANi) allows to study the attitude of charge transport, depending on the conducting filler amount, shape and spatial distribution. In particular, conducibility tests indicated that sPANi short fibres provide a more efficient transfer of electric signal due to the spatial organization of electroactive needle-like phases up to form a percolative network. On the basis of this characterization, sPANi/PCL electrospun membranes have been also optimized to mimic either the morphological and functional features of the cardiac muscle ECM. The presence of sPANi does not relevantly affect the fibre architecture as confirmed by SEM/image analysis investigation which shows a broader distribution of fibres with only a slight reduction of the average fibre diameter from 7.1 to 6.4 lm. Meanwhile, biological assays-evaluation of cell survival rate by MTT assay and immunostaining of sarcomeric a-actinin of cardiomyocites-like cells-clearly indicate that conductive signals offered by PANi needles, promote the cardiogenic differentiation of hMSC into cardiomyocite-like cells. These preliminary results concur to promise the development of electroactive biodegradable substrates able to efficiently stimulate the basic cell mechanisms, paving the way towards a new generation of synthetic patches for the support of the regeneration of damaged myocardium. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.

Optimizing PANi doped electroactive substrates as patches for the regeneration of cardiac muscle

Schiavo L.;
2011-01-01

Abstract

In scaffold aided regeneration of muscular tissue, composite materials are currently utilized as a temporary substrate to stimulate tissue formation by controlled electrochemical signals as well as continuous mechanical stimulation until the regeneration processes are completed. Among them, composites from the blending of conductive (CPs) and biocompatible polymers are powerfully emerging as a successful strategy for the regeneration of myocardium due to their unique conductive and biological recognition properties able to assure a more efficient electroactive stimulation of cells. Here, different composite substrates made of synthesized polyaniline (sPANi) and polycaprolactone (PCL) were investigated as platforms for cardiac tissue regeneration. Preliminary, a comparative analysis of substrates conductivity performed on casted films endowed with synthesized polyaniline (sPANi) short fibres or blended with emeraldine base polyaniline (EB-PANi) allows to study the attitude of charge transport, depending on the conducting filler amount, shape and spatial distribution. In particular, conducibility tests indicated that sPANi short fibres provide a more efficient transfer of electric signal due to the spatial organization of electroactive needle-like phases up to form a percolative network. On the basis of this characterization, sPANi/PCL electrospun membranes have been also optimized to mimic either the morphological and functional features of the cardiac muscle ECM. The presence of sPANi does not relevantly affect the fibre architecture as confirmed by SEM/image analysis investigation which shows a broader distribution of fibres with only a slight reduction of the average fibre diameter from 7.1 to 6.4 lm. Meanwhile, biological assays-evaluation of cell survival rate by MTT assay and immunostaining of sarcomeric a-actinin of cardiomyocites-like cells-clearly indicate that conductive signals offered by PANi needles, promote the cardiogenic differentiation of hMSC into cardiomyocite-like cells. These preliminary results concur to promise the development of electroactive biodegradable substrates able to efficiently stimulate the basic cell mechanisms, paving the way towards a new generation of synthetic patches for the support of the regeneration of damaged myocardium. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4776027
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