AIM: Poland syndrome is a constellation of rare congenital anomalies of the chest wall, with or without alterations to the ipsilateral superior extremity. Actually Foucras' classification is commonly used to choose the most appropriate surgical treatment, but often only a radiological classification proves unsatisfactory in order to achieve the best aesthetic result. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since November 2006 in our institute have been treated 6 patients (3 M, 3 F) with Poland Syndrome affected by only chest wall and/or breast deformities. RESULTS: We treated 6 patients opting for different surgical procedures, depending on the deformity detected. We experienced only one procedural complication, a fat necrosis with superior migration of the prosthesis, successfully managed. DISCUSSION: Surgical alternative treatments of the Poland's abnormalities of the chest wall are independent from the corrective surgery of the ipsilateral affected forearm ad hand. Surgeons should be able to develop an operative plan to address aesthetic goals while preserving muscular functionality. Indeed surgical techniques should be minimally invasive and possible available in every hospital structure. CONCLUSIONS: This study has been designed to review a series of surgical options of breast reconstruction in patients with Poland Syndrome in order to develop a new flow chart to plan the best surgical choice analyzing only breast/chest wall deformities according to Blondeel's point of view about reconstruction of the new breast and thoracic wall.

Poland syndrome: an algorithm to select the appropriate chest wall surgical reconstructive treatment

Alfano C
2014-01-01

Abstract

AIM: Poland syndrome is a constellation of rare congenital anomalies of the chest wall, with or without alterations to the ipsilateral superior extremity. Actually Foucras' classification is commonly used to choose the most appropriate surgical treatment, but often only a radiological classification proves unsatisfactory in order to achieve the best aesthetic result. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since November 2006 in our institute have been treated 6 patients (3 M, 3 F) with Poland Syndrome affected by only chest wall and/or breast deformities. RESULTS: We treated 6 patients opting for different surgical procedures, depending on the deformity detected. We experienced only one procedural complication, a fat necrosis with superior migration of the prosthesis, successfully managed. DISCUSSION: Surgical alternative treatments of the Poland's abnormalities of the chest wall are independent from the corrective surgery of the ipsilateral affected forearm ad hand. Surgeons should be able to develop an operative plan to address aesthetic goals while preserving muscular functionality. Indeed surgical techniques should be minimally invasive and possible available in every hospital structure. CONCLUSIONS: This study has been designed to review a series of surgical options of breast reconstruction in patients with Poland Syndrome in order to develop a new flow chart to plan the best surgical choice analyzing only breast/chest wall deformities according to Blondeel's point of view about reconstruction of the new breast and thoracic wall.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4778448
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