The aim of this work is to determine the structural and optical properties of Eu-doped ZnO powders prepared by supercritical antisolvent precipitation route (SAS) and to correlate the physico-chemical features with the photocatalytic activity under UV light. Raman and EPR spectroscopy highlight the introduction of novel defects (mainly singly and doubly ionized oxygen vacancies, and oxygen interstitials) on the Eu-doped ZnO samples, which confer higher hydrophilicity to the doped samples with respect to bare ZnO, as evidenced by FT-IR analysis. Additionally, photoluminescence spectra show that the presence of Eu3+ totally quenches the visible light emission typical of bare ZnO, which mainly results from the recombination of photogenerated holes at defective sites. The prepared samples were tested both for the photocatalytic degradation of crystal violet dye (CV) and for the partial oxidation of ferulic acid under UV irradiation. The photocatalytic activity results evidence of a higher ability of Eu-doped photocatalysts to degrade CV and ferulic acid, while higher selectivity values towards vanillin are obtained in the presence of bare ZnO. The higher activity of Eu-doped ZnO photocatalysts is linked to the stabilization of photogenerated holes and to their higher hydrophilicity, both brought by the generation of defective sites induced by the presence of Eu3+ ions within the ZnO lattice.

Photocatalytic activity of Eu-doped ZnO prepared by supercritical antisolvent precipitation route: When defects become virtues

Sacco O.;Franco P.;De Marco I.;Vaiano V.
;
2022

Abstract

The aim of this work is to determine the structural and optical properties of Eu-doped ZnO powders prepared by supercritical antisolvent precipitation route (SAS) and to correlate the physico-chemical features with the photocatalytic activity under UV light. Raman and EPR spectroscopy highlight the introduction of novel defects (mainly singly and doubly ionized oxygen vacancies, and oxygen interstitials) on the Eu-doped ZnO samples, which confer higher hydrophilicity to the doped samples with respect to bare ZnO, as evidenced by FT-IR analysis. Additionally, photoluminescence spectra show that the presence of Eu3+ totally quenches the visible light emission typical of bare ZnO, which mainly results from the recombination of photogenerated holes at defective sites. The prepared samples were tested both for the photocatalytic degradation of crystal violet dye (CV) and for the partial oxidation of ferulic acid under UV irradiation. The photocatalytic activity results evidence of a higher ability of Eu-doped photocatalysts to degrade CV and ferulic acid, while higher selectivity values towards vanillin are obtained in the presence of bare ZnO. The higher activity of Eu-doped ZnO photocatalysts is linked to the stabilization of photogenerated holes and to their higher hydrophilicity, both brought by the generation of defective sites induced by the presence of Eu3+ ions within the ZnO lattice.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4779490
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact