Several software tools for the simulation and analysis of biochemical reaction networks have been developed in the last decades; however, assessing and comparing their computational performance in executing the typical tasks of computational systems biology can be limited by the lack of a standardized benchmarking approach. To overcome these limitations, we propose here a novel tool, named SMGen, designed to automatically generate synthetic models of reaction networks that, by construction, are characterized by relevant features (e.g., system connectivity and reaction discreteness) and non-trivial emergent dynamics of real biochemical networks. The generation of synthetic models in SMGen is based on the definition of an undirected graph consisting of a single connected component that, generally, results in a computationally demanding task; to speed up the overall process, SMGen exploits a main–worker paradigm. SMGen is also provided with a user-friendly graphical user interface, which allows the user to easily set up all the parameters required to generate a set of synthetic models with any number of reactions and species. We analysed the computational performance of SMGen by generating batches of symmetric and asymmetric reaction-based models (RBMs) of increasing size, showing how a different number of reactions and/or species affects the generation time. Our results show that when the number of reactions is higher than the number of species, SMGen has to identify and correct a large number of errors during the creation process of the RBMs, a circumstance that increases the running time. Still, SMGen can generate synthetic models with hundreds of species and reactions in less than 7 s.

SMGen: A Generator of Synthetic Models of Biochemical Reaction Networks

Rundo L.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Several software tools for the simulation and analysis of biochemical reaction networks have been developed in the last decades; however, assessing and comparing their computational performance in executing the typical tasks of computational systems biology can be limited by the lack of a standardized benchmarking approach. To overcome these limitations, we propose here a novel tool, named SMGen, designed to automatically generate synthetic models of reaction networks that, by construction, are characterized by relevant features (e.g., system connectivity and reaction discreteness) and non-trivial emergent dynamics of real biochemical networks. The generation of synthetic models in SMGen is based on the definition of an undirected graph consisting of a single connected component that, generally, results in a computationally demanding task; to speed up the overall process, SMGen exploits a main–worker paradigm. SMGen is also provided with a user-friendly graphical user interface, which allows the user to easily set up all the parameters required to generate a set of synthetic models with any number of reactions and species. We analysed the computational performance of SMGen by generating batches of symmetric and asymmetric reaction-based models (RBMs) of increasing size, showing how a different number of reactions and/or species affects the generation time. Our results show that when the number of reactions is higher than the number of species, SMGen has to identify and correct a large number of errors during the creation process of the RBMs, a circumstance that increases the running time. Still, SMGen can generate synthetic models with hundreds of species and reactions in less than 7 s.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4780031
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