In this paper a model-based procedure for fault detection and diagnosis of photovoltaic modules is presented. A four-layered feedforward artificial neural network learns the correlation between the features of the current vs. voltage curve and the environmental variables, which are the irradiance and the temperature. This correlation describes the behavior of the module at normal conditions. Moreover, the effect of anomalous variation of some parameters is learnt and correlated to the shape of the same curve, thus associated to a specific failure mechanism and to some assigned ranges quantifying the fault severity. The neural network is trained by using synthetic curves simulated by employing the single diode model and some well assessed and validated translation formulae. The obtained results over the simulated set of curves with different failures allow to achieve a classification error lower than 1.5%. The proposed approach has been also validated for detecting anomalous increases of the series resistance in a large experimental set of curves; in this case, a classification error of 2.7% has been achieved.

Artificial neural network based photovoltaic module diagnosis by current–voltage curve classification

Laurino M.;Piliougine Rocha M.
;
Spagnuolo G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this paper a model-based procedure for fault detection and diagnosis of photovoltaic modules is presented. A four-layered feedforward artificial neural network learns the correlation between the features of the current vs. voltage curve and the environmental variables, which are the irradiance and the temperature. This correlation describes the behavior of the module at normal conditions. Moreover, the effect of anomalous variation of some parameters is learnt and correlated to the shape of the same curve, thus associated to a specific failure mechanism and to some assigned ranges quantifying the fault severity. The neural network is trained by using synthetic curves simulated by employing the single diode model and some well assessed and validated translation formulae. The obtained results over the simulated set of curves with different failures allow to achieve a classification error lower than 1.5%. The proposed approach has been also validated for detecting anomalous increases of the series resistance in a large experimental set of curves; in this case, a classification error of 2.7% has been achieved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4781422
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