Photovoltaic arrays may suffer from a number of temporary and permanent faults. Partial shading and soiling belong to the former group, while cell cracking and delamination fall within the latter one. In these cases, the shape of the current vs voltage curve around the maximum power point shows features that are different from those ones of an array operating in normal conditions. The shape change should allow triggering, in case of a temporary fault, control actions that might improve the electrical power production. Instead, if the fault is permanent, the identification of the modified shape should activate a procedure for a more in-depth analysis of the problem and a maintenance action. In this paper, the conditions leading to a change in the array behavior during its delivering of the maximum power are examined. The change of curvature of the current vs voltage curve around its maximum power point is suitably detected to trigger the fault mitigation action. The feature is caught through an ensemble of artificial neural networks, which analyzes the current vs voltage curve and classifies the module as healthy or faulty. It is demonstrated that few samples around the maximum power point are required, this meaning that the proposed approach is compatible with the operation of any perturbative maximum power point tracking algorithm and its application does not lead to any power production drop. In addition, the approach does not require neither temperature nor irradiance measurements as inputs. The neural networks are trained through synthetic data, so that their application is not limited to arrays including a specific photovoltaic module. The method is also validated through experimental data.

Mismatching and partial shading identification in photovoltaic arrays by an artificial neural network ensemble

Piliougine Rocha, Michel
;
Spagnuolo, Giovanni
2022-01-01

Abstract

Photovoltaic arrays may suffer from a number of temporary and permanent faults. Partial shading and soiling belong to the former group, while cell cracking and delamination fall within the latter one. In these cases, the shape of the current vs voltage curve around the maximum power point shows features that are different from those ones of an array operating in normal conditions. The shape change should allow triggering, in case of a temporary fault, control actions that might improve the electrical power production. Instead, if the fault is permanent, the identification of the modified shape should activate a procedure for a more in-depth analysis of the problem and a maintenance action. In this paper, the conditions leading to a change in the array behavior during its delivering of the maximum power are examined. The change of curvature of the current vs voltage curve around its maximum power point is suitably detected to trigger the fault mitigation action. The feature is caught through an ensemble of artificial neural networks, which analyzes the current vs voltage curve and classifies the module as healthy or faulty. It is demonstrated that few samples around the maximum power point are required, this meaning that the proposed approach is compatible with the operation of any perturbative maximum power point tracking algorithm and its application does not lead to any power production drop. In addition, the approach does not require neither temperature nor irradiance measurements as inputs. The neural networks are trained through synthetic data, so that their application is not limited to arrays including a specific photovoltaic module. The method is also validated through experimental data.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4781424
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact