Stainless steel is a structural material with great potential in seismic design due to its ductile and strain hardening characteristics. However, no specific seismic design provisions exist for stainless steel, despite the remarkable differences with carbon steel. Moreover, research on the behaviour of stainless steel under cyclic conditions is scarce, not allowing designers to rely on accurate capacity models able to catch the actual member ductility under seismic excitation. Hence, the aim of this paper is to fill this lack and to provide simple provisions to estimate the total and stable part of the rotation capacity of stainless steel members with rectangular hollow section (RHS). A numerical study on 120 austenitic, ferritic and duplex beams under cyclic loading was performed following the ANSI/AISC 341 loading protocol. From the resulting skeleton curves, information on the ultimate strength and ductility (total and stable parts of the rotation capacity) were extracted. It was found that the ultimate bending moment resistance of RHS stainless steel beams under cyclic loading is accurately predicted by the Continuous Strength Method moment capacity, and that the rotation capacities can be related to the local slenderness by power functions calibrated from the numerical results. Finally, a tri-linear model that describes the full moment-rotation curves of stainless steel beams under cyclic loading is proposed using the calibrated equations, showing a good agreement with numerical moment-rotation curves, and which can be implemented in design software to define the behaviour of concentrated plasticity hinges.

Rotation capacity of cold-formed stainless steel RHS beams under cyclic loading

Nastri E.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Stainless steel is a structural material with great potential in seismic design due to its ductile and strain hardening characteristics. However, no specific seismic design provisions exist for stainless steel, despite the remarkable differences with carbon steel. Moreover, research on the behaviour of stainless steel under cyclic conditions is scarce, not allowing designers to rely on accurate capacity models able to catch the actual member ductility under seismic excitation. Hence, the aim of this paper is to fill this lack and to provide simple provisions to estimate the total and stable part of the rotation capacity of stainless steel members with rectangular hollow section (RHS). A numerical study on 120 austenitic, ferritic and duplex beams under cyclic loading was performed following the ANSI/AISC 341 loading protocol. From the resulting skeleton curves, information on the ultimate strength and ductility (total and stable parts of the rotation capacity) were extracted. It was found that the ultimate bending moment resistance of RHS stainless steel beams under cyclic loading is accurately predicted by the Continuous Strength Method moment capacity, and that the rotation capacities can be related to the local slenderness by power functions calibrated from the numerical results. Finally, a tri-linear model that describes the full moment-rotation curves of stainless steel beams under cyclic loading is proposed using the calibrated equations, showing a good agreement with numerical moment-rotation curves, and which can be implemented in design software to define the behaviour of concentrated plasticity hinges.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4785424
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