Over the last few years, biometrics has emerged as an increasingly reliable solution to recognize people using their physiological or behavioural characteristics. Despite their advantages, biometric systems raise many practical, ethical and legal issues. While, understandably, main concerns involve privacy and the risk of covert surveillance, profiling, and social control, another relevant question is the potential exclusion of individuals that, due to injuries, disability or genetic defects, may not meet the physical requirements used for the identification. In such situations, the risk comes out from the limits of current biometrics systems, which could exclude entire classes of individuals with negative spillovers on the possibility of access services and even exercise rights. In this paper, we focus on the recognition of iris suffering from Coloboma, a congenital abnormality of membranes of the eye. We first show how this pathological state impacts on the performance of the Daugman's algorithm, which represents the most widespread method used for the iris localization step in eye-based biometrics. Second, we designed and tested a classifier based on Convolutional Neural Network able to detect the presence of Coloboma with 95.45% accuracy. This result opens up new perspectives towards the definition of more sophisticated "diversity-aware" biometric systems.

On the Limitation of Pathological Iris Recognition: Neural Network Perspectives

Rita Francese;Delfina Malandrino;Rocco Zaccagnino;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Over the last few years, biometrics has emerged as an increasingly reliable solution to recognize people using their physiological or behavioural characteristics. Despite their advantages, biometric systems raise many practical, ethical and legal issues. While, understandably, main concerns involve privacy and the risk of covert surveillance, profiling, and social control, another relevant question is the potential exclusion of individuals that, due to injuries, disability or genetic defects, may not meet the physical requirements used for the identification. In such situations, the risk comes out from the limits of current biometrics systems, which could exclude entire classes of individuals with negative spillovers on the possibility of access services and even exercise rights. In this paper, we focus on the recognition of iris suffering from Coloboma, a congenital abnormality of membranes of the eye. We first show how this pathological state impacts on the performance of the Daugman's algorithm, which represents the most widespread method used for the iris localization step in eye-based biometrics. Second, we designed and tested a classifier based on Convolutional Neural Network able to detect the presence of Coloboma with 95.45% accuracy. This result opens up new perspectives towards the definition of more sophisticated "diversity-aware" biometric systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4788989
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