This observational case–control study evaluated the anterior ocular segment parameters of patients with celiac disease with a Scheimpflug imaging system and compared them with those of a healthy controls group, highlighting potential differences related to the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms of the disease. Seventy celiac patients and 70 healthy subjects were assessed with a comprehensive ophthalmological evaluation, including clinical history, Snellen best-corrected visual acuity, axial length (AL) measurements with IOLMaster, and anterior segment tomographic evaluation with Pentacam HR. The measurements of all keratometry values, astigmatism, steep axis, anterior and posterior Q value (asphericity), pupil diameter, pupil center, corneal apex, the thinnest point, corneal volume, anterior chamber depth from the epithelium, anterior chamber depth from endothelium, anterior chamber volume, and iridocorneal angle were also appraised. The two study groups were comparable and similar for gender, age, and AL, with no statistically significant differences regarding all analyzed tomographic parameters. Thus, ocular anterior segment parameters of celiac patients are not significantly different from those of healthy subjects, suggesting no underlying pathogenetic implications of celiac disease affecting the assessed structures. Nevertheless, a routine ophthalmological examination for all celiac patients should be recommended throughout their lifetimes due to the potential ocular manifestations of the disease.

Ocular anterior segment and corneal parameters evaluation in celiac disease

De Bernardo M.
Conceptualization
;
Rosa N.
Conceptualization
;
Ciacci C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022

Abstract

This observational case–control study evaluated the anterior ocular segment parameters of patients with celiac disease with a Scheimpflug imaging system and compared them with those of a healthy controls group, highlighting potential differences related to the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms of the disease. Seventy celiac patients and 70 healthy subjects were assessed with a comprehensive ophthalmological evaluation, including clinical history, Snellen best-corrected visual acuity, axial length (AL) measurements with IOLMaster, and anterior segment tomographic evaluation with Pentacam HR. The measurements of all keratometry values, astigmatism, steep axis, anterior and posterior Q value (asphericity), pupil diameter, pupil center, corneal apex, the thinnest point, corneal volume, anterior chamber depth from the epithelium, anterior chamber depth from endothelium, anterior chamber volume, and iridocorneal angle were also appraised. The two study groups were comparable and similar for gender, age, and AL, with no statistically significant differences regarding all analyzed tomographic parameters. Thus, ocular anterior segment parameters of celiac patients are not significantly different from those of healthy subjects, suggesting no underlying pathogenetic implications of celiac disease affecting the assessed structures. Nevertheless, a routine ophthalmological examination for all celiac patients should be recommended throughout their lifetimes due to the potential ocular manifestations of the disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4793545
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