We propose a stochastic model for the failure times of items subject to two external random shocks occurring as events in an underlying bivariate counting process. This is a special formulation of the competing risks model, which is of interest in reliability theory and survival analysis. Specifically, we assume that a system, or an item, fails when the sum of the two types of shock reaches a critical random threshold. In detail, the two kinds of shock occur according to a bivariate space-fractional Poisson process, which is a two-dimensional vector of independent homogeneous Poisson processes time-changed by an independent stable subordinator. Various results are given, such as analytic hazard rates, failure densities, the probability that the failure occurs due to a specific type of shock, and the survival function. Some special cases and aging notions related to the NBU characterization are also considered. In this way, we generalize certain results in the literature, which can be recovered when the underlying process reduces to the inhomogeneous Poisson process.

Competing risks and shock models governed by a generalized bivariate Poisson process

Di Crescenzo, Antonio;Meoli, Alessandra
2023-01-01

Abstract

We propose a stochastic model for the failure times of items subject to two external random shocks occurring as events in an underlying bivariate counting process. This is a special formulation of the competing risks model, which is of interest in reliability theory and survival analysis. Specifically, we assume that a system, or an item, fails when the sum of the two types of shock reaches a critical random threshold. In detail, the two kinds of shock occur according to a bivariate space-fractional Poisson process, which is a two-dimensional vector of independent homogeneous Poisson processes time-changed by an independent stable subordinator. Various results are given, such as analytic hazard rates, failure densities, the probability that the failure occurs due to a specific type of shock, and the survival function. Some special cases and aging notions related to the NBU characterization are also considered. In this way, we generalize certain results in the literature, which can be recovered when the underlying process reduces to the inhomogeneous Poisson process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4799913
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