Observations with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) of the gamma-ray source 4FGL J1702.7−5655, previously classified as a candidate millisecond pulsar, show highly significant modulation at a period of 0.2438033 days (∼5.85 hr). Further examination of the folded light curve indicates the presence of narrow eclipses, suggesting that this is a redback binary system. An examination of the long-term properties of the modulation over 13 years of LAT observations indicates that the orbital modulation of the gamma rays changed from a simple eclipse before early 2013 to a broader, more easily detected quasi-sinusoidal modulation. In addition, the time of the eclipse shifts to ∼0.05 later in phase. This change in the orbital modulation properties, however, is not accompanied by a significant overall change in gamma-ray flux or spectrum. The quasi-sinusoidal component peaks ∼0.5 out of phase with the eclipse, which would indicate inferior conjunction of the compact object in the system. Swift X-ray Telescope observations reveal a possible X-ray counterpart within the LAT error ellipse. However, radio observations obtained with the Australia Telescope Compact Array do not detect a source in the region. 4FGL J1702.7−5655 appears to have changed its state in 2013, perhaps related to changes in the intrabinary shock in the system. We compare the properties of 4FGL J1702.7−5655 to those of other binary millisecond pulsars that have exhibited orbital modulation in gamma-rays.

Searches for Gravitational Waves from Known Pulsars at Two Harmonics in the Second and Third LIGO-Virgo Observing Runs

Acernese, F.;Barone, F.;Bobba, F.;Cannavacciuolo, M.;Carapella, G.;Chiadini, F.;De Simone, R.;Di Giorgio, C.;Durante, O.;Fittipaldi, R.;Granata, V.;Romano, R.;Troiano, L.;
2022

Abstract

Observations with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) of the gamma-ray source 4FGL J1702.7−5655, previously classified as a candidate millisecond pulsar, show highly significant modulation at a period of 0.2438033 days (∼5.85 hr). Further examination of the folded light curve indicates the presence of narrow eclipses, suggesting that this is a redback binary system. An examination of the long-term properties of the modulation over 13 years of LAT observations indicates that the orbital modulation of the gamma rays changed from a simple eclipse before early 2013 to a broader, more easily detected quasi-sinusoidal modulation. In addition, the time of the eclipse shifts to ∼0.05 later in phase. This change in the orbital modulation properties, however, is not accompanied by a significant overall change in gamma-ray flux or spectrum. The quasi-sinusoidal component peaks ∼0.5 out of phase with the eclipse, which would indicate inferior conjunction of the compact object in the system. Swift X-ray Telescope observations reveal a possible X-ray counterpart within the LAT error ellipse. However, radio observations obtained with the Australia Telescope Compact Array do not detect a source in the region. 4FGL J1702.7−5655 appears to have changed its state in 2013, perhaps related to changes in the intrabinary shock in the system. We compare the properties of 4FGL J1702.7−5655 to those of other binary millisecond pulsars that have exhibited orbital modulation in gamma-rays.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4801671
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