Preoperative weight loss before a bariatric surgery reduces long-term complications, but there is no solid evidence for short-term or perioperative complications. This review highlights recent evidence on dietary protocols and the possible correlation between weight loss and surgical complications. Updated evidence was searched in PubMedDirect with the terms "preoperative very low-calorie diet or very-low-calorie ketogenic diet or low-fat diet or intermittent fasting or Mediterranean diet and bariatric surgery or bariatric surgery complications." The main characteristics of each diet, achievements related to weight loss, liver reduction, peri and postoperative outcomes, surgical complications, tolerance, and adherence to the diet are presented from the selected studies. There are few reports about the Mediterranean diet as a strategy to reach these goals. The VLCKD has been associated with better body weight reduction and lesser postoperative complications risk. However, the results in animal models are still controversial. When comparing VLCD with an LCD, there is no apparent superiority between one against the other one. However, LCD has shown better tolerance and adherence than VLCD. There is still a need for more controlled studies to define the best preoperative dietary treatment for weight loss before bariatric surgery since there are controversial positions regarding this issue.

The relationship between preoperative weight loss and intra and post-bariatric surgery complications: an appraisal of the current preoperative nutritional strategies

Calabrese, Pietro;Spagnuolo, Maria;Schiavo, Luigi;Pilone, Vincenzo
2022

Abstract

Preoperative weight loss before a bariatric surgery reduces long-term complications, but there is no solid evidence for short-term or perioperative complications. This review highlights recent evidence on dietary protocols and the possible correlation between weight loss and surgical complications. Updated evidence was searched in PubMedDirect with the terms "preoperative very low-calorie diet or very-low-calorie ketogenic diet or low-fat diet or intermittent fasting or Mediterranean diet and bariatric surgery or bariatric surgery complications." The main characteristics of each diet, achievements related to weight loss, liver reduction, peri and postoperative outcomes, surgical complications, tolerance, and adherence to the diet are presented from the selected studies. There are few reports about the Mediterranean diet as a strategy to reach these goals. The VLCKD has been associated with better body weight reduction and lesser postoperative complications risk. However, the results in animal models are still controversial. When comparing VLCD with an LCD, there is no apparent superiority between one against the other one. However, LCD has shown better tolerance and adherence than VLCD. There is still a need for more controlled studies to define the best preoperative dietary treatment for weight loss before bariatric surgery since there are controversial positions regarding this issue.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4802012
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