The alteration of lipid profile in biological specimens, such as plasma, mirrors abnormalities in their homeostasis and offers pivotal information for disease comprehension. Fast analytical methods are needed to highlight changes in plasma lipid profile and deliver rapid results. In this study we developed a fast reversed phase ultra high performance liquid chromatography-trapped ion mobility mass spectrometry (RP-UHPLC-TIMS-MS) method for untargeted lipidomics. A short, narrow-bore fully porous particle CSH column (50 mm x 2.1 mm, 1.7 mu m) was used, and by selecting appropriate flow rate, temperature and gradient conditions, the total analysis time was reduced from 20 to 4 min. TIMS was operated in parallel accumulation serial fragmentation mode (PASEF) which allowed to select multiple precursors for MS/MS and separate co-eluting lipids based on their different mobility. Lipid annotation was performed by rule-based approach, comparison with LipidBlast spectral library and manual data curation, by taking into account class-specific fragmentation pattern, accurate mass, adduct form, retention behavior in RP and comparison of their collision cross-section (CCS) values for increased confidence. 306 unique lipids from 21 subclasses were annotated from 20 mu L of plasma, while their concentration was estimated by class-specific deuterated internal standards. The analytical method was validated and finally applied to elucidate the alteration of plasma lipid profiles in a small cohort of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Univariate and multivariate statistics evidenced significant differences with respect to control patients, particularly in the levels of ether linked lipids (PC-O, PE-O, PE-P and LPC-O), sphingolipids (Ceramides), and triacylglycerols, showing the usefulness of this fast approach in providing accurate and rapid results with respect to longer ( >= 15 min) untargeted UHPLC-HRMS methods. (c) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Merciai, Fabrizio;Musella, Simona;Sommella, Eduardo
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