Background: Benzoxazole-containing ligands find many applications both in medicinal chemistry, catalysis and fluorescence chemosensing. Benzoxazole-containing macrocycles could be therefore a good strategy to achieve stable and selective fluorescent complexes with suitable metal ions. In this work, the synthesis, binding, and photochemical properties of a new fluorescent ligand (L) are reported. L is a cyclophane macrocycle containing the 1,3-bis(benzo[d]oxazol-2-yl)phenyl (BBzB) fluorophore and an aliphatic tetra-amine chain to form the macrocyclic skeleton. Methods: Spectrophotometric and spectrofluorimetric measurements,1H NMR analysis, and DFT calculations were performed. Results: L behaves as a PET-mediated chemosensor, being emissive at 390 nm at acidic pH and non-emissive at basic pH. The chemosensor is able to detect Zn2+ and Cd2+ in an aqueous medium (acetonitrile–water, 4:1 v/v) at neutral pH through a CHEF effect upon metal ion coordination. Paramagnetic metal ions (Cu2+) and heavy atoms (Pb2+, Hg2+) resulted in a quenching of fluorescence or very low emission. Conclusions: The new cyclophane macrocycle L was revealed to be a selective PET-regulated chemosensor for Zn2+ and Cd2+ in an aqueous medium, being able to bind up to two and one metal cations, respectively. The molecule showed a shifted emission towards the visible region compared to similar systems, suggesting a co-planar conformation of the aromatic fragment upon metal coordination. All these data are supported by both experimental measurements and theoretical calculations.

A New Benzoxazole-Based Fluorescent Macrocyclic Chemosensor for Optical Detection of Zn2+ and Cd2+

Giorgi L.;Voccia M.;Formica M.;Caporaso L.;Macedi E.;
2022

Abstract

Background: Benzoxazole-containing ligands find many applications both in medicinal chemistry, catalysis and fluorescence chemosensing. Benzoxazole-containing macrocycles could be therefore a good strategy to achieve stable and selective fluorescent complexes with suitable metal ions. In this work, the synthesis, binding, and photochemical properties of a new fluorescent ligand (L) are reported. L is a cyclophane macrocycle containing the 1,3-bis(benzo[d]oxazol-2-yl)phenyl (BBzB) fluorophore and an aliphatic tetra-amine chain to form the macrocyclic skeleton. Methods: Spectrophotometric and spectrofluorimetric measurements,1H NMR analysis, and DFT calculations were performed. Results: L behaves as a PET-mediated chemosensor, being emissive at 390 nm at acidic pH and non-emissive at basic pH. The chemosensor is able to detect Zn2+ and Cd2+ in an aqueous medium (acetonitrile–water, 4:1 v/v) at neutral pH through a CHEF effect upon metal ion coordination. Paramagnetic metal ions (Cu2+) and heavy atoms (Pb2+, Hg2+) resulted in a quenching of fluorescence or very low emission. Conclusions: The new cyclophane macrocycle L was revealed to be a selective PET-regulated chemosensor for Zn2+ and Cd2+ in an aqueous medium, being able to bind up to two and one metal cations, respectively. The molecule showed a shifted emission towards the visible region compared to similar systems, suggesting a co-planar conformation of the aromatic fragment upon metal coordination. All these data are supported by both experimental measurements and theoretical calculations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4803331
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