Background: A major complication of total hip arthroplasty is dislocation. The hip joint capsule can be incised and repaired, or can be excised.Sources of data: We performed a systematic review of the literature following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines focusing on capsular repair and capsulectomy.Areas of agreement: We identified 31 articles (17 272 patients). Capsular repair produced a lower blood loss (465.2 vs 709.2 ml), and the procedure lasted 102.5 vs 96.08 min in patients who underwent capsulectomy. The patients undergoing capsulectomy experienced a dislocation rate of 3.06%, whereas in the patients undergoing capsular repair, the dislocation rate was 0.65%.Areas of controversy: Most studies are retrospective observational studies, with no prospective randomized trials.Growing points: Capsular preservation is association with a lower dislocation rate and a lower blood loss. Capsular excision does take statistically less time, but it is uncertain how a 6 min difference is clinically relevant.Areas timely for developing research: Appropriately powered randomized clinical trials should be conducted to better define the association between the chosen implants, approach and outcome.

Capsular repair vs capsulectomy in total hip arthroplasty

Miranda, Luca;Quaranta, Marco;Oliva, Francesco;Giuliano, Attilio;Maffulli, Nicola
2021

Abstract

Background: A major complication of total hip arthroplasty is dislocation. The hip joint capsule can be incised and repaired, or can be excised.Sources of data: We performed a systematic review of the literature following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines focusing on capsular repair and capsulectomy.Areas of agreement: We identified 31 articles (17 272 patients). Capsular repair produced a lower blood loss (465.2 vs 709.2 ml), and the procedure lasted 102.5 vs 96.08 min in patients who underwent capsulectomy. The patients undergoing capsulectomy experienced a dislocation rate of 3.06%, whereas in the patients undergoing capsular repair, the dislocation rate was 0.65%.Areas of controversy: Most studies are retrospective observational studies, with no prospective randomized trials.Growing points: Capsular preservation is association with a lower dislocation rate and a lower blood loss. Capsular excision does take statistically less time, but it is uncertain how a 6 min difference is clinically relevant.Areas timely for developing research: Appropriately powered randomized clinical trials should be conducted to better define the association between the chosen implants, approach and outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4805191
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