Introduction: Chondral and soft tissue injuries can be associated with first time patellar dislocation, but it is unclear how common they are, and which tissues are affected. A systematic review of the literature was performed to investigate the frequency, location, and extent of chondral and medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injuries in patients following first time patellar dislocation. Methods: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Web of Science databases were accessed in November 2021. All the published clinical studies reporting the frequency, location, and extent of soft tissue lesions following first time patellar dislocation were accessed. Studies reporting data on habitual, congenital, or recurrent patellofemoral instability were excluded. Results: Data from 42 articles (2254 patients, mean age 21.6 +/- 7.3 years) were retrieved. Ninety-eight percent of patients who experienced first time patellar dislocation demonstrated MPFL rupture at MRI. Forty-eight percent of MPFL ruptures were located at the patellar side, 34% at the femoral insertion site, and 18% in the midportion. Eighty-five percent of patients showed signs of patellar chondral damage at MRI, and trochlear chondral injuries were evidenced in 47% of patients. Intra-articular loose bodies were observed in 11.5% of patients. At arthroscopy, the medial facet and the crest of the patella more commonly exhibited chondral lesions than the lateral facet and femoral trochlea. Conclusions: Most patients suffer chondral damage and MPFL tears following after a first time patellar dislocation.

Chondral and Soft Tissue Injuries Associated to Acute Patellar Dislocation: A Systematic Review

Marsilio, Emanuela;Cuozzo, Francesco;Oliva, Francesco;Maffulli, Nicola
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Chondral and soft tissue injuries can be associated with first time patellar dislocation, but it is unclear how common they are, and which tissues are affected. A systematic review of the literature was performed to investigate the frequency, location, and extent of chondral and medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injuries in patients following first time patellar dislocation. Methods: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Web of Science databases were accessed in November 2021. All the published clinical studies reporting the frequency, location, and extent of soft tissue lesions following first time patellar dislocation were accessed. Studies reporting data on habitual, congenital, or recurrent patellofemoral instability were excluded. Results: Data from 42 articles (2254 patients, mean age 21.6 +/- 7.3 years) were retrieved. Ninety-eight percent of patients who experienced first time patellar dislocation demonstrated MPFL rupture at MRI. Forty-eight percent of MPFL ruptures were located at the patellar side, 34% at the femoral insertion site, and 18% in the midportion. Eighty-five percent of patients showed signs of patellar chondral damage at MRI, and trochlear chondral injuries were evidenced in 47% of patients. Intra-articular loose bodies were observed in 11.5% of patients. At arthroscopy, the medial facet and the crest of the patella more commonly exhibited chondral lesions than the lateral facet and femoral trochlea. Conclusions: Most patients suffer chondral damage and MPFL tears following after a first time patellar dislocation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4805211
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