Simple Summary In order to improve the investigation of pancreatic cancer (PC), often supported through analyzes two-dimensional (2D) cell monolayers, we proposed to create a spheroid-based in vitro three-dimensional (3D) model using wild-type (WT) and ANXA1 knock-out (KO) MIA PaCa-2 PC cells. However, the production of spheroids still represents a technical challenge. Here, we have developed a protocol to obtain well-organized spheroids and have proved that Annexin A1 (ANXA1) affects the spheroid formation, because the WT cells have a greater ability to form this 3D model when compared to the ANXA1 KO examples. We also investigated how ANXA1 action could influence the PC pharmacological response both in basal conditions and by mimicking a tumor system through the addition of autocrine EVs. ANXA1, via EVs, significantly improves the formation, the stability and the drug resistance of this model, particularly compared to the ANXA1 KO one, which shows a structural instability and a greater drug sensitivity. Among solid tumors, pancreatic cancer (PC) remains a leading cause of death. In PC, the protein ANXA1 has been identified as an oncogenic factor acting in an autocrine/paracrine way, and also as a component of tumor-deriving extracellular vesicles. Here, we proposed the experimental protocol to obtain spheroids from the two cell lines, wild-type (WT) and Annexin A1 (ANXA1) knock-out (KO) MIA PaCa-2, this last previously obtained through CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system. The use of three-dimensional (3D) models, like spheroids, can be useful to mimic tumor characteristics and for preclinical chemo-sensitivity studies. By using PC spheroids, we have assessed the activity of intracellular and extracellular ANXA1. Indeed, we have proved that the intracellular protein influences in vitro tumor development and growth by spheroids analysis, in addition to defining the modification about cell protein pattern in ANXA1 KO model compared to the WT one. Moreover, we have tested the response to FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy regimen whose cytostatic effect appeared notably increased in ANXA1 KO spheroids. Additionally, this study has highlighted that the extracellular ANXA1 action is strengthened through the EVs supporting spheroids growth and resistance to drug treatment, mainly affecting tumor progression. Thus, our data interestingly suggest the relevance of ANXA1 as a potential therapeutic PC marker.

Role of Intracellular and Extracellular Annexin A1 in MIA PaCa-2 Spheroids Formation and Drug Sensitivity

Novizio, Nunzia;Belvedere, Raffaella;Morretta, Elva;Monti, Maria Chiara;Morello, Silvana;Petrella, Antonello
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary In order to improve the investigation of pancreatic cancer (PC), often supported through analyzes two-dimensional (2D) cell monolayers, we proposed to create a spheroid-based in vitro three-dimensional (3D) model using wild-type (WT) and ANXA1 knock-out (KO) MIA PaCa-2 PC cells. However, the production of spheroids still represents a technical challenge. Here, we have developed a protocol to obtain well-organized spheroids and have proved that Annexin A1 (ANXA1) affects the spheroid formation, because the WT cells have a greater ability to form this 3D model when compared to the ANXA1 KO examples. We also investigated how ANXA1 action could influence the PC pharmacological response both in basal conditions and by mimicking a tumor system through the addition of autocrine EVs. ANXA1, via EVs, significantly improves the formation, the stability and the drug resistance of this model, particularly compared to the ANXA1 KO one, which shows a structural instability and a greater drug sensitivity. Among solid tumors, pancreatic cancer (PC) remains a leading cause of death. In PC, the protein ANXA1 has been identified as an oncogenic factor acting in an autocrine/paracrine way, and also as a component of tumor-deriving extracellular vesicles. Here, we proposed the experimental protocol to obtain spheroids from the two cell lines, wild-type (WT) and Annexin A1 (ANXA1) knock-out (KO) MIA PaCa-2, this last previously obtained through CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system. The use of three-dimensional (3D) models, like spheroids, can be useful to mimic tumor characteristics and for preclinical chemo-sensitivity studies. By using PC spheroids, we have assessed the activity of intracellular and extracellular ANXA1. Indeed, we have proved that the intracellular protein influences in vitro tumor development and growth by spheroids analysis, in addition to defining the modification about cell protein pattern in ANXA1 KO model compared to the WT one. Moreover, we have tested the response to FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy regimen whose cytostatic effect appeared notably increased in ANXA1 KO spheroids. Additionally, this study has highlighted that the extracellular ANXA1 action is strengthened through the EVs supporting spheroids growth and resistance to drug treatment, mainly affecting tumor progression. Thus, our data interestingly suggest the relevance of ANXA1 as a potential therapeutic PC marker.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4806671
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