The ability of organic ligands to change the structure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in nature and influence their adsorption efficiency for arsenic species is enormous. The current work was designed to investigate the adsorption performance of cerium-based MOFs with tunable structures through the use of organic ligands (Ce-MOF-66 and Ce-MOF-808) towards arsenic species from water. The structural features of Ce-MOF-66 and CeMOF-808 with varying crystallinity, morphology, particle size, and surface area are considerably altered by organic ligands tuning, resulting in clearly distinct arsenate (As (V)) and arsenite (As (III)) adsorption capabilities. The experimental results showed that the Langmuir adsorption capacities of As (V) by Ce-MOF-66 and CeMOF-808 reached 355.67 and 217.80 mg/g, respectively, while for As (III) were 5.52 and 402.10 mg/g for CeMOF-66 and Ce-MOF-808, respectively. Except for the impact of PO43- on As (V), co-existing ions had no significant influence on adsorption, illustrating the high selectivity. Furthermore, to understand the structure and adsorption mechanism, two adsorbents were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, specific surface area, Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, in which identified that unsaturated sites and ligand exchange were the main adsorption mechanisms of As (V) and As (III). Overall, this research presents a novel approach for developing high-performance Ce-derived MOFs adsorbents to capture arsenic species.

Tuning the structure of cerium-based metal-organic frameworks for efficient removal of arsenic species: The role of organic ligands

Pervez, MN;Naddeo, V;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The ability of organic ligands to change the structure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in nature and influence their adsorption efficiency for arsenic species is enormous. The current work was designed to investigate the adsorption performance of cerium-based MOFs with tunable structures through the use of organic ligands (Ce-MOF-66 and Ce-MOF-808) towards arsenic species from water. The structural features of Ce-MOF-66 and CeMOF-808 with varying crystallinity, morphology, particle size, and surface area are considerably altered by organic ligands tuning, resulting in clearly distinct arsenate (As (V)) and arsenite (As (III)) adsorption capabilities. The experimental results showed that the Langmuir adsorption capacities of As (V) by Ce-MOF-66 and CeMOF-808 reached 355.67 and 217.80 mg/g, respectively, while for As (III) were 5.52 and 402.10 mg/g for CeMOF-66 and Ce-MOF-808, respectively. Except for the impact of PO43- on As (V), co-existing ions had no significant influence on adsorption, illustrating the high selectivity. Furthermore, to understand the structure and adsorption mechanism, two adsorbents were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, specific surface area, Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, in which identified that unsaturated sites and ligand exchange were the main adsorption mechanisms of As (V) and As (III). Overall, this research presents a novel approach for developing high-performance Ce-derived MOFs adsorbents to capture arsenic species.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4807167
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