This paper focuses on a method to reduce the detrimental effects that occur due to the misalignment in journal bearings by approaching it with the more complete model of a finite length bearing. Such a drawback is quite common in industrial applications, and it is generally accepted that misalignment causes a significant thinning in the film thickness in the area that is close to the bearing edges. Therefore, removing a certain volume of material from the inner surface of the bearing (bushing) over a distance that is at the bearing edges provides an additional clearance to compensate for the clearance reduction that is due to misalignment. A numerical solution that is used in this work is based on the finite difference method where the Reynolds boundary conditions are considered in the solution scheme, thereby, using an iterative procedure to identify the cavitation zone. A three-dimensional misalignment model is incorporated in the solution in order to provide a more realistic presentation of the deviations and errors that there are in comparison with the ideal aligned case. It has been found in the present work that the edge modification increases the thickness of the lubricant layer considerably and reduces the pressure spikes that are associated with the presence of misalignment. The suggested design also reduces the coefficient of friction in comparison with that of the misaligned case. Furthermore, this method helps in reducing the asymmetry of the hydrodynamic pressure field that results from the misalignment. This method enables the operation of journal bearings over a wider range of misalignment levels without sacrificing the load-carrying capacity of the bearing by maintaining a relatively thicker layer of lubricant at the critical positions that are not so due to the effects of misalignment.

Minimizing Misalignment Effects in Finite Length Journal Bearings

Senatore A.
Investigation
;
2022

Abstract

This paper focuses on a method to reduce the detrimental effects that occur due to the misalignment in journal bearings by approaching it with the more complete model of a finite length bearing. Such a drawback is quite common in industrial applications, and it is generally accepted that misalignment causes a significant thinning in the film thickness in the area that is close to the bearing edges. Therefore, removing a certain volume of material from the inner surface of the bearing (bushing) over a distance that is at the bearing edges provides an additional clearance to compensate for the clearance reduction that is due to misalignment. A numerical solution that is used in this work is based on the finite difference method where the Reynolds boundary conditions are considered in the solution scheme, thereby, using an iterative procedure to identify the cavitation zone. A three-dimensional misalignment model is incorporated in the solution in order to provide a more realistic presentation of the deviations and errors that there are in comparison with the ideal aligned case. It has been found in the present work that the edge modification increases the thickness of the lubricant layer considerably and reduces the pressure spikes that are associated with the presence of misalignment. The suggested design also reduces the coefficient of friction in comparison with that of the misaligned case. Furthermore, this method helps in reducing the asymmetry of the hydrodynamic pressure field that results from the misalignment. This method enables the operation of journal bearings over a wider range of misalignment levels without sacrificing the load-carrying capacity of the bearing by maintaining a relatively thicker layer of lubricant at the critical positions that are not so due to the effects of misalignment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4807672
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