A photodetector with bias-tuneable current is realized by adding a film of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT), forming a CNT/Si3N4/Si capacitor, to a prefabricated Pt–Ti/Si3N4/Si metal–insulator–semiconductor (MIS) diode. Electrical characterization of the entire device is performed to extract the temperature-dependent ideality factor and Schottky barrier height in the framework of the thermionic emission theory. The CNT/Si3N4/Si capacitor increases the reverse current of the parallel Pt–Ti/Si3N4/Si MIS diode by adding a Fowler–Nordheim tunneling current at high reverse voltage bias. This feature endows the photodetector with two different photocurrent levels, photoresponsivity up to 370 mA W−1 and external quantum efficiency up to 50% at 950 nm wavelength. The device also shows a different photoresponse when light is focused on the CNT/Si3N4/Si region or around the Pt–Ti/Si3N4/Si structure. The photodetector can also be used as an optoelectronic Boolean logic device, in which the applied voltage bias and the incident light are the two input signals, and the photocurrent is the output. Furthermore, light generates a photocurrent at zero voltage and a photovoltage at zero current, making the device a self-powered photodetector.

A Self‐Powered CNT–Si Photodetector with Tuneable Photocurrent

Pelella, Aniello
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Passacantando, Maurizio
Investigation
;
Faella, Enver
Investigation
;
Grillo, Alessandro
Validation
;
Giubileo, Filippo
Validation
;
Martucciello, Nadia
Visualization
;
Di Bartolomeo, Antonio
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

A photodetector with bias-tuneable current is realized by adding a film of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT), forming a CNT/Si3N4/Si capacitor, to a prefabricated Pt–Ti/Si3N4/Si metal–insulator–semiconductor (MIS) diode. Electrical characterization of the entire device is performed to extract the temperature-dependent ideality factor and Schottky barrier height in the framework of the thermionic emission theory. The CNT/Si3N4/Si capacitor increases the reverse current of the parallel Pt–Ti/Si3N4/Si MIS diode by adding a Fowler–Nordheim tunneling current at high reverse voltage bias. This feature endows the photodetector with two different photocurrent levels, photoresponsivity up to 370 mA W−1 and external quantum efficiency up to 50% at 950 nm wavelength. The device also shows a different photoresponse when light is focused on the CNT/Si3N4/Si region or around the Pt–Ti/Si3N4/Si structure. The photodetector can also be used as an optoelectronic Boolean logic device, in which the applied voltage bias and the incident light are the two input signals, and the photocurrent is the output. Furthermore, light generates a photocurrent at zero voltage and a photovoltage at zero current, making the device a self-powered photodetector.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4808281
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