Nitrous oxide (N2O), produced from several human activities, is considered a greenhouse gas with significant environmental impacts. The most promising abatement technology consists of the catalytic decomposition of N2O into nitrogen and oxygen. Many recently published papers dealing with N2O catalytic decomposition over Ni-substituted Co3O4 are related to the treatment of N2O concentrations less than 2 vol% in the feed stream. The present work is focused on developing catalysts active in the presence of a gaseous stream richer in N2O, up to 20 vol%, both as powder and in structured configurations suitable for industrial application. With this aim, different nickel-cobalt mixed oxides (NixCo1−xCo2O4) were prepared, characterized, and tested. Subsequently, since alumina-based slurries assure successful deposition of the catalytic species on the structured carrier, a screening was performed on three nickel-cobalt-alumina mixed oxides. As the latter samples turned out to be excellent catalysts for the N2O decomposition reaction, the final catalytic formulation was transferred to a silicon carbide monolith. The structured catalyst led to the following very promising results: total N2O conversion and selectivity towards N2 and O2 were reached at 510 °C by feeding 20 vol% of N2O. It represents an important achievement in the view of developing a more concretely applicable catalytic system for industrial processes.

Development of Innovative Structured Catalysts for the Catalytic Decomposition of N2O at Low Temperatures

Meloni E.
;
Martino M.;Renda S.;Muccioli O.;Palma V.
2022

Abstract

Nitrous oxide (N2O), produced from several human activities, is considered a greenhouse gas with significant environmental impacts. The most promising abatement technology consists of the catalytic decomposition of N2O into nitrogen and oxygen. Many recently published papers dealing with N2O catalytic decomposition over Ni-substituted Co3O4 are related to the treatment of N2O concentrations less than 2 vol% in the feed stream. The present work is focused on developing catalysts active in the presence of a gaseous stream richer in N2O, up to 20 vol%, both as powder and in structured configurations suitable for industrial application. With this aim, different nickel-cobalt mixed oxides (NixCo1−xCo2O4) were prepared, characterized, and tested. Subsequently, since alumina-based slurries assure successful deposition of the catalytic species on the structured carrier, a screening was performed on three nickel-cobalt-alumina mixed oxides. As the latter samples turned out to be excellent catalysts for the N2O decomposition reaction, the final catalytic formulation was transferred to a silicon carbide monolith. The structured catalyst led to the following very promising results: total N2O conversion and selectivity towards N2 and O2 were reached at 510 °C by feeding 20 vol% of N2O. It represents an important achievement in the view of developing a more concretely applicable catalytic system for industrial processes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809373
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