This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of screening questionnaires for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Studies comparing any questionnaire with polysomnography for OSA detection in subjects aged ≤18 y were considered eligible for qualitative analysis. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2) tool was used for bias assessment. Only questionnaires adopted by at least four studies using the currently accepted diagnostic threshold of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥1 were included for further selective quantitative analyses. A bivariate meta-analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio; summary receiver operator characteristic curves were constructed. 37 studies (20 questionnaires) were eligible for qualitative analysis; none were considered of low quality. Among these articles, 13 studies and two questionnaires (sleep-related breathing disorder scale of the pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD-PSQ) and OSA-18) satisfied the criteria for quantitative synthesis. SRBD-PSQ had higher sensitivity (0.76) than OSA-18 (0.56), while OSA-18 exhibited higher specificity (0.73) than SRBD-PSQ (0.43). SRBD-PSQ performed well and was the most sensitive screening questionnaire using the diagnostic threshold of AHI ≥1 for pediatric OSA. However, further well-designed studies are still required to assess the role of SRBD-PSQ in real-world clinical populations

Diagnostic accuracy of screening questionnaires for obstructive sleep apnea in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Stefano Martina;
2021

Abstract

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of screening questionnaires for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Studies comparing any questionnaire with polysomnography for OSA detection in subjects aged ≤18 y were considered eligible for qualitative analysis. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2) tool was used for bias assessment. Only questionnaires adopted by at least four studies using the currently accepted diagnostic threshold of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥1 were included for further selective quantitative analyses. A bivariate meta-analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio; summary receiver operator characteristic curves were constructed. 37 studies (20 questionnaires) were eligible for qualitative analysis; none were considered of low quality. Among these articles, 13 studies and two questionnaires (sleep-related breathing disorder scale of the pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD-PSQ) and OSA-18) satisfied the criteria for quantitative synthesis. SRBD-PSQ had higher sensitivity (0.76) than OSA-18 (0.56), while OSA-18 exhibited higher specificity (0.73) than SRBD-PSQ (0.43). SRBD-PSQ performed well and was the most sensitive screening questionnaire using the diagnostic threshold of AHI ≥1 for pediatric OSA. However, further well-designed studies are still required to assess the role of SRBD-PSQ in real-world clinical populations
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809535
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