Eucalyptus species are characterized by their richness in essential oils (EOs) with a great diversity of biological activities. This study reports the chemical composition and the phytotoxic and antibiofilm activities of the EOs of six Eucalyptus species growing in Tunisia: E. bicostata, E. gigantea, E. intertexta, E. obliqua, E. pauciflora and E. tereticornis. Four EOs were rich above all in oxygenated monoterpenes (25.3–91.4%), with eucalyptol as the main constituent. However, in the EOs of E. pauciflora and E. tereticornis, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (28.8–54.0%) were the main class of constituents; piperitone was the main constituent of both EOs. The phytotoxicity of the EOs was tested against germination and radicle elongation of the weeds Sinapis arvensis and Lolium multiflorum and the crop Raphanus sativus, resulting in the different inhibition of seed germination and radicle elongation depending on both chemical composition and the seed tested, with remarkable phytotoxicity towards S. arvensis and R. sativus. Furthermore, almost all EOs showed antibacterial potential, resulting in significant inhibition of bacterial biofilm formation and the metabolism of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus and Listeria monocytogenes) and Gram-negative (Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli) bacterial strains, in addition to acting on mature biofilms. The EOs were inhibitory against all bacterial strains tested and usually reluctant to undergo the action of conventional antibiotics. Therefore, these EOs may be considered for applications both as herbicides and in food and health fields.

Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic and Antibiofilm Activity of the Essential Oils of Eucalyptus bicostata, E. gigantea, E. intertexta, E. obliqua, E. pauciflora and E. tereticornis

Polito, Flavio;De Feo, Vincenzo
2022

Abstract

Eucalyptus species are characterized by their richness in essential oils (EOs) with a great diversity of biological activities. This study reports the chemical composition and the phytotoxic and antibiofilm activities of the EOs of six Eucalyptus species growing in Tunisia: E. bicostata, E. gigantea, E. intertexta, E. obliqua, E. pauciflora and E. tereticornis. Four EOs were rich above all in oxygenated monoterpenes (25.3–91.4%), with eucalyptol as the main constituent. However, in the EOs of E. pauciflora and E. tereticornis, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (28.8–54.0%) were the main class of constituents; piperitone was the main constituent of both EOs. The phytotoxicity of the EOs was tested against germination and radicle elongation of the weeds Sinapis arvensis and Lolium multiflorum and the crop Raphanus sativus, resulting in the different inhibition of seed germination and radicle elongation depending on both chemical composition and the seed tested, with remarkable phytotoxicity towards S. arvensis and R. sativus. Furthermore, almost all EOs showed antibacterial potential, resulting in significant inhibition of bacterial biofilm formation and the metabolism of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus and Listeria monocytogenes) and Gram-negative (Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli) bacterial strains, in addition to acting on mature biofilms. The EOs were inhibitory against all bacterial strains tested and usually reluctant to undergo the action of conventional antibiotics. Therefore, these EOs may be considered for applications both as herbicides and in food and health fields.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809551
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