Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may complicate the clinical course of patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is still unclear whether this condition is a direct consequence of the primary disease. However, several mechanisms including direct cellular damage, endothelial dysfunction, in-situ thrombosis, systemic inflammatory response, and oxygen supply-demand imbalance have been described in patients with COVID-19. The onset of a prothrombotic state may also be facilitated by the endothelial dysfunction secondary to the systemic inflammatory response and to the direct viral cell damage. Moreover, dysfunctional endothelial cells may enhance vasospasm and platelet aggregation.

Acute Coronary Syndrome in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: Pathophysiology and Translational Perspectives

Cancro Francesco Paolo;Bellino Michele;Esposito Luca;Romei Stefano;Centore Mario;D’Elia Debora;Cristiano Mario;Maglio Angelantonio;Carrizzo Albino;Rasile Barbara;Alfano Carmine;Vecchione Carmine;Galasso Gennaro
2022

Abstract

Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may complicate the clinical course of patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is still unclear whether this condition is a direct consequence of the primary disease. However, several mechanisms including direct cellular damage, endothelial dysfunction, in-situ thrombosis, systemic inflammatory response, and oxygen supply-demand imbalance have been described in patients with COVID-19. The onset of a prothrombotic state may also be facilitated by the endothelial dysfunction secondary to the systemic inflammatory response and to the direct viral cell damage. Moreover, dysfunctional endothelial cells may enhance vasospasm and platelet aggregation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809654
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