Background: There is an incomplete understanding of the prevalence and predictors of attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal after myocardial infarction (MI). Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of achievement of LDL-C goal of 70 mg/dL, to identify the baseline features associated with suboptimal lipid control, and to assess the use of LDL-C-lowering drug therapies (LLT) beyond the first year after MI. Methods: The EYESHOT Post-MI was a prospective, cross-sectional, Italian registry, which enrolled patients presenting to cardiologist 1 to 3 years after MI. In this retrospective post-hoc analysis, patients were categorized in 2 groups according to the achievement or not of the LDL-C goal of 70 mg/dL. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the baseline features associate with LDL-C >= 70 mg/dL. Results: The study population included 903 patients (mean age 65.5 +/- 11.5 years). Among them, LDL-C was >= 70 mg/dL in 474 (52.5%). Male sex (p = 0.031), hypertension (p = 0.024), prior percutaneous coronary intervention (p = 0.016) and high education level (p = 0.008) were higher in the LDL-C < 70 group. At multivariable analysis, low education level was an independent predictor of LDL-C >= 70 mg/dL (OR:1.582; 95%CI, 1.156-2.165; p = 0.004). Conversely, hypertension increased the probability to achieve the LDL-C goal (OR:0.650; 95%CI, 0.443-0.954; p = 0.028). Among off-target patients, LLT was not modified in the majority of cases (67.3%), intensified in 85 (18.6%), and actually reduced in 63 patients (13.8%). Conclusions: In patients presenting to cardiologists 1 to 3 years from the last MI event, LDL-C is not under control in a large proportion of patients, particularly in those with a low education level or without hypertension. LLT is underused in this very-high-risk setting.

Prevalence and Predictors of Out-of-Target LDL Cholesterol 1 to 3 Years After Myocardial Infarction. A Subanalysis From the EYESHOT Post-MI Registry

Angelo Silverio
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Rossella Maria Benvenga
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Federico Piscione
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cesare Baldi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gennaro Galasso
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Carmine Vecchione
Supervision
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: There is an incomplete understanding of the prevalence and predictors of attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal after myocardial infarction (MI). Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of achievement of LDL-C goal of 70 mg/dL, to identify the baseline features associated with suboptimal lipid control, and to assess the use of LDL-C-lowering drug therapies (LLT) beyond the first year after MI. Methods: The EYESHOT Post-MI was a prospective, cross-sectional, Italian registry, which enrolled patients presenting to cardiologist 1 to 3 years after MI. In this retrospective post-hoc analysis, patients were categorized in 2 groups according to the achievement or not of the LDL-C goal of 70 mg/dL. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the baseline features associate with LDL-C >= 70 mg/dL. Results: The study population included 903 patients (mean age 65.5 +/- 11.5 years). Among them, LDL-C was >= 70 mg/dL in 474 (52.5%). Male sex (p = 0.031), hypertension (p = 0.024), prior percutaneous coronary intervention (p = 0.016) and high education level (p = 0.008) were higher in the LDL-C < 70 group. At multivariable analysis, low education level was an independent predictor of LDL-C >= 70 mg/dL (OR:1.582; 95%CI, 1.156-2.165; p = 0.004). Conversely, hypertension increased the probability to achieve the LDL-C goal (OR:0.650; 95%CI, 0.443-0.954; p = 0.028). Among off-target patients, LLT was not modified in the majority of cases (67.3%), intensified in 85 (18.6%), and actually reduced in 63 patients (13.8%). Conclusions: In patients presenting to cardiologists 1 to 3 years from the last MI event, LDL-C is not under control in a large proportion of patients, particularly in those with a low education level or without hypertension. LLT is underused in this very-high-risk setting.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809955
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