This study was carried out to characterize the chemical composition of the essential oils from seven Eucalyptus species (E. griffithsii, E. hemiphloia, E. lesouefii, E. longicornis, E. pyriformis, E. viminalis, and E. wandoo), as well as their phytotoxic and antibacterial activities. The essential oils were analyzed by GC/MS and the potential in vitro phytotoxicity was evaluated against germination and radical elongation of Raphanus sativus, Lolium multiflorum, and Sinapis arvensis seeds. The antibiofilm activity was studied against both Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter baumannii) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes) bacteria. The inhibition of biofilm formation and its metabolism was determined at different times. Eucalyptol was the most abundant component in all essential oils studied (ranging from 40.8% for E. lesouefii EO to 73.6% for E. wandoo) except for that of E. pyriformis where it was present but at 15.1%. E. pyriformis was the most active against both germination and radical elongation of S. arvensis. The action of all essential oils proved to be highly effective in inhibiting the bacterial adhesion process of the five strains considered. In light of these results, these essential oils could have potential applications both in the agricultural and health fields.

Chemical Composition, Phytotoxic and Antibiofilm Activity of Seven Eucalyptus Species from Tunisia

Polito, Flavio;Caputo, Lucia;Manna, Francesco;De Feo, Vincenzo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This study was carried out to characterize the chemical composition of the essential oils from seven Eucalyptus species (E. griffithsii, E. hemiphloia, E. lesouefii, E. longicornis, E. pyriformis, E. viminalis, and E. wandoo), as well as their phytotoxic and antibacterial activities. The essential oils were analyzed by GC/MS and the potential in vitro phytotoxicity was evaluated against germination and radical elongation of Raphanus sativus, Lolium multiflorum, and Sinapis arvensis seeds. The antibiofilm activity was studied against both Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter baumannii) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes) bacteria. The inhibition of biofilm formation and its metabolism was determined at different times. Eucalyptol was the most abundant component in all essential oils studied (ranging from 40.8% for E. lesouefii EO to 73.6% for E. wandoo) except for that of E. pyriformis where it was present but at 15.1%. E. pyriformis was the most active against both germination and radical elongation of S. arvensis. The action of all essential oils proved to be highly effective in inhibiting the bacterial adhesion process of the five strains considered. In light of these results, these essential oils could have potential applications both in the agricultural and health fields.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4810732
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