The recent developments of information technologies, and the consequent need for access to distributed services and resources, require robust and reliable authentication systems. Biometric systems can guarantee high levels of security and multimodal techniques, which combine two or more biometric traits, warranting constraints that are more stringent during the access phases. This work proposes a novel multimodal biometric system based on iris and retina combination in the spatial domain. The proposed solution follows the alignment and recognition approach commonly adopted in computational linguistics and bioinformatics; in particular, features are extracted separately for iris and retina, and the fusion is obtained relying upon the comparison score via the Levenshtein distance. We evaluated our approach by testing several combinations of publicly available biometric databases, namely one for retina images and three for iris images. To provide comprehensive results, detection error trade-off-based metrics, as well as statistical analyses for assessing the authentication performance, were considered. The best achieved False Acceptation Rate and False Rejection Rate indices were and 3.33%, respectively, for the multimodal retina-iris biometric approach that overall outperformed the unimodal systems. These results draw the potential of the proposed approach as a multimodal authentication framework using multiple static biometric traits.

A multimodal retina-iris biometric system using the levenshtein distance for spatial feature comparison

Rundo L.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The recent developments of information technologies, and the consequent need for access to distributed services and resources, require robust and reliable authentication systems. Biometric systems can guarantee high levels of security and multimodal techniques, which combine two or more biometric traits, warranting constraints that are more stringent during the access phases. This work proposes a novel multimodal biometric system based on iris and retina combination in the spatial domain. The proposed solution follows the alignment and recognition approach commonly adopted in computational linguistics and bioinformatics; in particular, features are extracted separately for iris and retina, and the fusion is obtained relying upon the comparison score via the Levenshtein distance. We evaluated our approach by testing several combinations of publicly available biometric databases, namely one for retina images and three for iris images. To provide comprehensive results, detection error trade-off-based metrics, as well as statistical analyses for assessing the authentication performance, were considered. The best achieved False Acceptation Rate and False Rejection Rate indices were and 3.33%, respectively, for the multimodal retina-iris biometric approach that overall outperformed the unimodal systems. These results draw the potential of the proposed approach as a multimodal authentication framework using multiple static biometric traits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4812679
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