We consider the problem of finding a net that supports prescribed point forces, yet avoids certain obstacles, with all the elements of the net being under compression (or all being under tension), and being confined within a suitable bounding box. In the case of masonry structures, when described through the simple, no-tension constitutive model, this consists, for instance, in finding a strut net that supports the forces, is contained within the physical structure, and avoids regions that may be not accessible. We solve such a problem in the two-dimensional case, where the prescribed forces are applied at the vertices of a convex polygon, and we treat the cases of both single and multiple obstacles. By approximating the obstacles by polygonal regions, the task reduces to identifying the feasible domain in a linear programming problem. For a single obstacle we show how the region Γ available to the obstacle can be enlarged as much as possible in the sense that there is no other strut net, having a region Γ′ available to the obstacle with Γ? Γ′. The case where some of the forces are reactive is also treated.

### The obstacle problem in no-tension structures and cable nets

#### Abstract

We consider the problem of finding a net that supports prescribed point forces, yet avoids certain obstacles, with all the elements of the net being under compression (or all being under tension), and being confined within a suitable bounding box. In the case of masonry structures, when described through the simple, no-tension constitutive model, this consists, for instance, in finding a strut net that supports the forces, is contained within the physical structure, and avoids regions that may be not accessible. We solve such a problem in the two-dimensional case, where the prescribed forces are applied at the vertices of a convex polygon, and we treat the cases of both single and multiple obstacles. By approximating the obstacles by polygonal regions, the task reduces to identifying the feasible domain in a linear programming problem. For a single obstacle we show how the region Γ available to the obstacle can be enlarged as much as possible in the sense that there is no other strut net, having a region Γ′ available to the obstacle with Γ? Γ′. The case where some of the forces are reactive is also treated.
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2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4815076`
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