: Background and Objectives: Approximately 20-40% of patients affected with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) develop either distant metastatic or locally recurring disease following radical nephrectomy. Soft tissue, skin, and the central nervous system are less common metastatic sites. We present the case of a patient who has received a diagnosis of RCC; it was found that she had no metastases at the time of nephrectomy but had metastases in the soft tissue and subcutaneous tissue of the scalp 27 years later. As far as we can tell, this is the longest period elapsed between primary renal tumor and subcutaneous/soft tissue metastasis; moreover, this case is the first report of a combined soft tissue/subcutaneous metastasis from RCC. Case presentation: A 73-year-old woman underwent right radical nephrectomy 27 years earlier for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC). She presented at our unit because she noticed swelling in the left temporal region; after radiological exams, a benign lesion was suspected. The patient underwent surgical eradication, but the massive bleeding did not allow the removal of the lesion. A biopsy of the mass was performed and the histological examination was consistent with RCC metastases. Conclusions: Metastases from renal cell carcinoma to the subcutaneous and soft tissues are rare. It is essential to take into account RCC metastases in the differential diagnostic of the new starting mass of the head and neck, and the necessity for close and continuous surveillance of patients diagnosed with renal cancer even after a long disease-free period should be emphasized.

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Soft Tissue 27 Years after Radical Nephrectomy: A Case Report

Marra, Caterina;Losco, Luigi
Methodology
;
Ceccaroni, Alessandra;Pentangelo, Paola;Troisi, Donato;Alfano, Carmine
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Background and Objectives: Approximately 20-40% of patients affected with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) develop either distant metastatic or locally recurring disease following radical nephrectomy. Soft tissue, skin, and the central nervous system are less common metastatic sites. We present the case of a patient who has received a diagnosis of RCC; it was found that she had no metastases at the time of nephrectomy but had metastases in the soft tissue and subcutaneous tissue of the scalp 27 years later. As far as we can tell, this is the longest period elapsed between primary renal tumor and subcutaneous/soft tissue metastasis; moreover, this case is the first report of a combined soft tissue/subcutaneous metastasis from RCC. Case presentation: A 73-year-old woman underwent right radical nephrectomy 27 years earlier for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC). She presented at our unit because she noticed swelling in the left temporal region; after radiological exams, a benign lesion was suspected. The patient underwent surgical eradication, but the massive bleeding did not allow the removal of the lesion. A biopsy of the mass was performed and the histological examination was consistent with RCC metastases. Conclusions: Metastases from renal cell carcinoma to the subcutaneous and soft tissues are rare. It is essential to take into account RCC metastases in the differential diagnostic of the new starting mass of the head and neck, and the necessity for close and continuous surveillance of patients diagnosed with renal cancer even after a long disease-free period should be emphasized.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4815792
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