The gut microbiota exerts a variety of positive effects on the intestinal homeostasis, including the production of beneficial molecules, control of the epithelial barrier integrity and the regulation of the balance between host's cell death and proliferation. The interactions between commensal bacteria and intestinal cells are still under-investigated and is then of paramount importance to address such interactions at the molecular and cellular levels. We report an in vitro analysis of the effects of molecules secreted by Lactobacillus gasseri SF1183 on HCT116 cells, selected as a model of intestinal epithelial cells. SF1183 is a L. gasseri strain isolated from an ileal biopsy of a human healthy volunteer, able to prevent colitis symptoms in vivo. Expanding previous findings, we show that bioactive molecules secreted by SF1183 reduce the proliferation of HCT116 cells in a reversible manner determining a variation in cell cycle markers (p21WAF, p53, cyclin D1) and resulting in the protection of HCT116 cells from TNF-alfa induced apoptosis, an effect potentially relevant for the protection of the epithelial barrier integrity and reconstitution of tissue homeostasis. Consistently, SF1183 secreted molecules increase the recruitment of occludin, a major component of TJ, at the cell-cell contacts, suggesting a reinforcement of the barrier function.

Modulation of intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis by Lactobacillus gasseri SF1183

Vivo M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The gut microbiota exerts a variety of positive effects on the intestinal homeostasis, including the production of beneficial molecules, control of the epithelial barrier integrity and the regulation of the balance between host's cell death and proliferation. The interactions between commensal bacteria and intestinal cells are still under-investigated and is then of paramount importance to address such interactions at the molecular and cellular levels. We report an in vitro analysis of the effects of molecules secreted by Lactobacillus gasseri SF1183 on HCT116 cells, selected as a model of intestinal epithelial cells. SF1183 is a L. gasseri strain isolated from an ileal biopsy of a human healthy volunteer, able to prevent colitis symptoms in vivo. Expanding previous findings, we show that bioactive molecules secreted by SF1183 reduce the proliferation of HCT116 cells in a reversible manner determining a variation in cell cycle markers (p21WAF, p53, cyclin D1) and resulting in the protection of HCT116 cells from TNF-alfa induced apoptosis, an effect potentially relevant for the protection of the epithelial barrier integrity and reconstitution of tissue homeostasis. Consistently, SF1183 secreted molecules increase the recruitment of occludin, a major component of TJ, at the cell-cell contacts, suggesting a reinforcement of the barrier function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4817011
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