In this paper we employ a recent proposal of C. Tsallis and formulate the first law of thermodynamics for gravitating systems in terms of the extensive but non additive entropy. We pay a particular attention to an integrating factor for the heat one-form and show that in contrast to conventional thermodynamics it factorizes into thermal and entropic part. Ensuing two laws of thermodynamics imply Tsallis cosmology, which is then subsequently used to address the observed discrepancy between current bound on the Dark Matter relic abundance and present IceCube data on high-energy neutrinos. To resolve this contradiction we keep the conventional minimal Yukawa-type interaction between standard model and Dark Matter particles but replace the usual Friedmann field equations with Tsallis-cosmologybased modified Friedmann equations. We show that when the Tsallis scaling exponent 8 similar to 1.57 (or equivalently, the holographic scaling exponent alpha similar to 3.13) the aforementioned discrepancy disappears.

Tsallis cosmology and its applications in dark matter physics with focus on IceCube high-energy neutrino data

G. Lambiase
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this paper we employ a recent proposal of C. Tsallis and formulate the first law of thermodynamics for gravitating systems in terms of the extensive but non additive entropy. We pay a particular attention to an integrating factor for the heat one-form and show that in contrast to conventional thermodynamics it factorizes into thermal and entropic part. Ensuing two laws of thermodynamics imply Tsallis cosmology, which is then subsequently used to address the observed discrepancy between current bound on the Dark Matter relic abundance and present IceCube data on high-energy neutrinos. To resolve this contradiction we keep the conventional minimal Yukawa-type interaction between standard model and Dark Matter particles but replace the usual Friedmann field equations with Tsallis-cosmologybased modified Friedmann equations. We show that when the Tsallis scaling exponent 8 similar to 1.57 (or equivalently, the holographic scaling exponent alpha similar to 3.13) the aforementioned discrepancy disappears.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4818251
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