Natural killer (NK) cells are indicated as favorite candidates for innovative therapeutic treatment and are divided into two subclasses: immature regulatory NK CD56bright and mature cytotoxic NK CD56dim. Therefore, the ability to discriminate CD56dim from CD56bright could be very useful because of their higher cytotoxicity. Nowadays, NK cell classification is routinely performed by cytometric analysis based on surface receptor expression. Here, we present an in-flow, label-free and non-invasive biophysical analysis of NK cells through a combination of light scattering and machine learning (ML) for NK cell subclass classification. In this respect, to identify relevant biophysical cell features, we stimulated NK cells with interleukine-15 inducing a subclass transition from CD56bright to CD56dim. We trained our ML algorithm with sorted NK cell subclasses (≥86% accuracy). Next, we applied our NK cell classification algorithm to cells stimulated over time, to investigate the transition of CD56bright to CD56dim and their biophysical feature changes. Finally, we tested our approach on several proband samples, highlighting the potential of our measurement approach. We show a label-free way for the robust identification of NK cell subclasses based on biophysical features, which can be applied in both cell biology and cell therapy.

Non-invasive and label-free identification of human natural killer cell subclasses by biophysical single-cell features in microfluidic flow

Rossi D.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cells are indicated as favorite candidates for innovative therapeutic treatment and are divided into two subclasses: immature regulatory NK CD56bright and mature cytotoxic NK CD56dim. Therefore, the ability to discriminate CD56dim from CD56bright could be very useful because of their higher cytotoxicity. Nowadays, NK cell classification is routinely performed by cytometric analysis based on surface receptor expression. Here, we present an in-flow, label-free and non-invasive biophysical analysis of NK cells through a combination of light scattering and machine learning (ML) for NK cell subclass classification. In this respect, to identify relevant biophysical cell features, we stimulated NK cells with interleukine-15 inducing a subclass transition from CD56bright to CD56dim. We trained our ML algorithm with sorted NK cell subclasses (≥86% accuracy). Next, we applied our NK cell classification algorithm to cells stimulated over time, to investigate the transition of CD56bright to CD56dim and their biophysical feature changes. Finally, we tested our approach on several proband samples, highlighting the potential of our measurement approach. We show a label-free way for the robust identification of NK cell subclasses based on biophysical features, which can be applied in both cell biology and cell therapy.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4823471
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact