Aim: Modern endodontics has advanced radically in the recent years, and recently, it has been focused on the concept of mini-invasive treatments. This study aimed to evaluate the sections of the root apices at 1 mm from the radiographic apex using a high-resolution CBCT. Materials and Methods: The current study was performed in three different dental centers. One hundred maxillary permanent premolars (50 first and 50 s premolars) were analyzed using measurement software of the CBCT radiographic pictures. The mesio-distal (M-D) and bucco-palatal (B-P) sections were measured at 1 mm from the radiographic apex of each root. The section of 0.3 mm or less, 1 mm from the anatomical apex of the upper premolars, was decided as the limit value. All values were statistically analyzed. Results: The mean value in the 304 sections analyzed was 1.03 (+/- 0.37). Only 19 sections (6.3%) had measurements less than or equal to 0.3 mm. All these 19 sections were from first premolars (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Based on the data obtained, the authors recommend performing conservative shaping when endodontically treating first maxillary premolars, especially when a pre-operative CBCT to evaluate the actual apical dimensions cannot be acquired.

Three-Dimensional Evaluation of the Root Apex of Permanent Maxillary Premolars: A Multicentric Study

Iandolo, A;Pisano, M;Scelza, G;Martina, S
2022-01-01

Abstract

Aim: Modern endodontics has advanced radically in the recent years, and recently, it has been focused on the concept of mini-invasive treatments. This study aimed to evaluate the sections of the root apices at 1 mm from the radiographic apex using a high-resolution CBCT. Materials and Methods: The current study was performed in three different dental centers. One hundred maxillary permanent premolars (50 first and 50 s premolars) were analyzed using measurement software of the CBCT radiographic pictures. The mesio-distal (M-D) and bucco-palatal (B-P) sections were measured at 1 mm from the radiographic apex of each root. The section of 0.3 mm or less, 1 mm from the anatomical apex of the upper premolars, was decided as the limit value. All values were statistically analyzed. Results: The mean value in the 304 sections analyzed was 1.03 (+/- 0.37). Only 19 sections (6.3%) had measurements less than or equal to 0.3 mm. All these 19 sections were from first premolars (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Based on the data obtained, the authors recommend performing conservative shaping when endodontically treating first maxillary premolars, especially when a pre-operative CBCT to evaluate the actual apical dimensions cannot be acquired.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4826642
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