Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is commonly used to obtain a pre-surgical pathological diagnosis in many organs, but its cost-effectiveness in lymphadenopathy has not been studied yet. We calculated the cost and diagnostic accuracy of a diagnostic algorithm that uses FNAC as a first-line procedure and compared it to a purely surgical approach in 545 consecutive lymphadenopathies. In 74% of the cases, FNAC alone can obtain a sufficiently detailed diagnosis, avoiding the surgical biopsy. In doing so, the average cost of diagnosis is cut to less than one-third, the patient avoids an invasive procedure and the diagnosis is reached earlier. In conclusion, the systematic use of lymph node-FNAC in the initial assessment of lymphadenopathy is clinically and economically advantageous as it avoids surgical biopsies in cases where cytology can suffice.

An economic evaluation of fine-needle cytology as the primary diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy

Cavallo M.;Maffei E.;Serio B.;Sabbatino F.;Zeppa P.;Caputo A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is commonly used to obtain a pre-surgical pathological diagnosis in many organs, but its cost-effectiveness in lymphadenopathy has not been studied yet. We calculated the cost and diagnostic accuracy of a diagnostic algorithm that uses FNAC as a first-line procedure and compared it to a purely surgical approach in 545 consecutive lymphadenopathies. In 74% of the cases, FNAC alone can obtain a sufficiently detailed diagnosis, avoiding the surgical biopsy. In doing so, the average cost of diagnosis is cut to less than one-third, the patient avoids an invasive procedure and the diagnosis is reached earlier. In conclusion, the systematic use of lymph node-FNAC in the initial assessment of lymphadenopathy is clinically and economically advantageous as it avoids surgical biopsies in cases where cytology can suffice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4834756
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