: Piezo1 and Piezo2 are mechanoreceptors involved in sensing both internal and external mechanical forces converting them in electrical signals to the brain. Piezo1 is mainly expressed in the endothelial system and in epidermis sensing shear stress and light touch. The internal traction forces generated by Myosin Light Chain Kinase (MYLK) activate Piezo1, regulating cell contraction. We observed Oenothera biennis cell culture hydro-soluble extract (ObHEx) activated MYLK regulating cell contraction ability. The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that ObHEx activates Piezo1 through MYLK pathway using CHO cell overexpressing Piezo1, HUVEC and SHSY5Y cells endogenously expressing high levels of Piezo1. Results showed that ObHEx extracts were able to activate Piezo1 and the effect is due to Liriodendrin and Salvadoraside, the two most abundant lignans produced by the cell culture. The effect is lost in presence of MYLK specific inhibitors confirming the key role of this pathway and providing indication about the mechanism of action in Piezo1 activation by lignans. In summary, these results confirmed the connection between Piezo1 and MYLK, opening the possibility of using lignans-containing natural extracts to activate Piezo1.

Oenothera biennis cell culture produce lignans activating Piezo1 triggering the Myosin Light Chain Kinase depending pathways

Monti, Maria Chiara;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Piezo1 and Piezo2 are mechanoreceptors involved in sensing both internal and external mechanical forces converting them in electrical signals to the brain. Piezo1 is mainly expressed in the endothelial system and in epidermis sensing shear stress and light touch. The internal traction forces generated by Myosin Light Chain Kinase (MYLK) activate Piezo1, regulating cell contraction. We observed Oenothera biennis cell culture hydro-soluble extract (ObHEx) activated MYLK regulating cell contraction ability. The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that ObHEx activates Piezo1 through MYLK pathway using CHO cell overexpressing Piezo1, HUVEC and SHSY5Y cells endogenously expressing high levels of Piezo1. Results showed that ObHEx extracts were able to activate Piezo1 and the effect is due to Liriodendrin and Salvadoraside, the two most abundant lignans produced by the cell culture. The effect is lost in presence of MYLK specific inhibitors confirming the key role of this pathway and providing indication about the mechanism of action in Piezo1 activation by lignans. In summary, these results confirmed the connection between Piezo1 and MYLK, opening the possibility of using lignans-containing natural extracts to activate Piezo1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4844574
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