This work introduces a novel extension of the 0/1 Knapsack Problem in which we consider the existence of so-called forfeit sets. A forfeit set is a subset of items of arbitrary cardinality, such that including a number of its elements that exceeds a predefined allowance threshold implies some penalty costs to be paid in the objective function value. A global upper bound on these allowance violations is also considered. We show that the problem generalizes both the Knapsack Problem with conflicts among item pairs and the Knapsack Problem with forfeit pairs, that have been previously introduced in the literature. We present a polynomial subcase by proving the integrality of its LP relaxation polytope and, we introduce three heuristic approaches, namely a constructive greedy, an algorithm based on the recently introduced Carousel Greedy paradigm and a hybrid Memetic/Carousel Greedy algorithm. Finally, we validate the performances for the proposed algorithms on a set of benchmark instances that consider both random and correlated data.

The Knapsack Problem with forfeit sets

D'Ambrosio C.
;
Laureana F.;Raiconi A.;Vitale G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

This work introduces a novel extension of the 0/1 Knapsack Problem in which we consider the existence of so-called forfeit sets. A forfeit set is a subset of items of arbitrary cardinality, such that including a number of its elements that exceeds a predefined allowance threshold implies some penalty costs to be paid in the objective function value. A global upper bound on these allowance violations is also considered. We show that the problem generalizes both the Knapsack Problem with conflicts among item pairs and the Knapsack Problem with forfeit pairs, that have been previously introduced in the literature. We present a polynomial subcase by proving the integrality of its LP relaxation polytope and, we introduce three heuristic approaches, namely a constructive greedy, an algorithm based on the recently introduced Carousel Greedy paradigm and a hybrid Memetic/Carousel Greedy algorithm. Finally, we validate the performances for the proposed algorithms on a set of benchmark instances that consider both random and correlated data.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4847751
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